CHAPTER 204 - ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND POLLUTION CONTROL ACT: SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION

INDEX TO SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION

Pesticides and Toxic Substances Regulations

Waste Management (Licensing of Transporters of Wastes and Waste Disposal Sites) Regulations

Water Pollution Control (Effluent and Waste Water) Regulations

Air Pollution Control (Licensing and Emission Standards) Regulations

Environmental Protection and Pollution Control (Environmental Impact Assessment) Regulations

Hazardous Waste Management Regulations

Environmental Protection and Pollution Control Act (Ozone Depleting Substances) Regulations

PESTICIDES AND TOXIC SUBSTANCES REGULATIONS

[Sections 58, 63 and 96]

[RETAINED AS PER S.15 OF INTERPRETATION AND GENERAL PROVISIONS ACT]

[Currency mentioned in this regulation should be re-denominated as stipulated under S 4 of Re-denomination Act, 2012, read with S 29 of Bank of Zambia Act, 1996.]

Arrangement of Regulations

   Regulation

PART I
PRELIMINARY

   1.   Title

   2.   Interpretation

PART II
REGISTRATION

   3.   Application for registration of pesticide or toxic substance

   4.   

   5.   Import of experimental pesticide or toxic substance

   6.   Transportation of registered pesticides or toxic substances

PART III
LABELLING AND PACKAGING

   7.   Labelling

   8.   Packaging

PART IV
GENERAL HANDLING, USE AND SAFETY

   9.   

PART V
STORAGE AND DISPOSAL

   10.   Conditions of storage of pesticide or toxic substance

   11.   Disposal of pesticides or toxic substances

PART V
MISCELLANEOUS

   12.   Banned or severely restricted pesticides or toxic substances

   13.   Register of pesticides and toxic substances

   14.   Duty to report possession and supply information about expired pesticide or toxic substances

   15.   Enforcement notice

   16.   Offences and penalties

      FIRST SCHEDULE

      SECOND SCHEDULE

      THIRD SCHEDULE

      FOURTH SCHEDULE

      FIFTH SCHEDULE

      SEVENTH SCHEDULE

      EIGHTH SCHEDULE

      NINTH SCHEDULE

Act 13 of 1994,

SI 20 of 1994,

SI 166 of 1998,

SI 26 of 2001.

[Regulations by the Minister]

PART I
PRELIMINARY

1.   Title

These Regulations may be cited as the Pesticides and Toxic Substances Regulations.

2.   Interpretation

In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires–

"application" means the way and means of using the pesticide or toxic substance on its intended target as prescribed by the manufacturer;

"banned pesticide or toxic substance" means a pesticide or toxic substance for which all registered uses are prohibited or for which requests for registration have not been granted;

"bunding"means an upraised area surrounding the floor of a warehouse to contain any spillages and washings from pesticides or toxic substances and from cleaning water of the pesticides and toxic substances;

"chemical treatment" means the reaction of a pesticide or toxic substance with another under optimum conditions of pH, temperature and others;

"dangerous poison" shall mean highly hazardous in accordance with the World Health Organisation Classification;

"disposal" means the final location of pesticides or toxic substances, their wastes or contaminated packaging materials by burial, chemical or thermal destruction;

"experimental pesticides or toxic substances"means a pesticide or toxic substance to be assessed in Zambia for primary biological activity, and not available to the public for sale or use;

"incineration" means the subjection of a pesticide or toxic substance to an appropriate high temperature for a specified period of time to achieve complete destruction;

"inspectorate" means the Environmental Inspectorate established under section 81 of the Act;

"label" means the written, printed or graphic matter on, or attached to, the pesticide and toxic substance or the immediate container thereof and the outside container or wrapper of the retail package of the pesticide or toxic substance;

"packaging" means the containers together with the protective wrapping used to carry and or store pesticides and toxic substances or their products for wholesale and retail distribution to users;

"packaging material"means the material which the container is made of;

"pesticide" means a substance or mixture of substances or organisms intended for controlling, repelling or mitigating any pest, and substance or mixture of substances intended for use as a plant regulator, defoliant or desfoliant;

"protective clothing" means any cloth, material or device designed to provide protection from pesticides or toxic substance when they are handled or applied;

"recognised research institution" means a research institution recognised by the Minister as competent to carry out research into pesticide or toxic substance use;

"repackaging" means the transfer of pesticide from any commercial package into any other, usually smaller container, for subsequent sale;

"residue" means any substance in food, soil agricultural commodities or animal feed resulting from the use of pesticides and toxic substances and includes any derivatives or a pesticide or toxic substance considered to be of toxicological significance;

"severely restricted" means a pesticide or toxic substance whose general registered uses are prohibited but whose certain registered uses are permitted under these regulations;

"toxic substance" means a poisonous substance which causes significant adverse physiological effects to man, animal or the environment;

"toxicity" means a physiological or biological property which determines the capacity of a substance to injure or harm living organism by being absorbed in the body;

"trader" means any person engaged in the trade of pesticides or toxic substances and includes any person exporting, importing, or selling small substances; and

"withholding period" means the period between the last application for the product and the harvest of plant products; grazing of treated areas and slaughter of treated animals for food.

PART II
REGISTRATION

3.   Application for registration of pesticide or toxic substance

   (1)    A person intending to manufacture, import, export, improve, or process a new pesticide or toxic substance shall apply for registration to the Inspectorate in Form PTS 1 of the First Schedule and shall pay the appropriate application fee set out in the Second Schedule.

   (2)    The application referred to in sub-regulation (1) shall-

      (a)   indicate the categories of use of proposed pesticide or toxic substance;

      (b)   indicate the trade mark, chemical identity, molecular structure, an estimate of the amounts, by-products, processing, disposal of the pesticide or toxic substance and any test data relating to health and environmental effects; and

      (c)   be accompanied by a copy of the approved label or a fascimile thereof.

   (3)    The application under this regulation shall be made at least ninety days before importing, exporting, or the commencement of manufacturing, processing or reprocessing activities, of the pesticide or toxic substance.

   (4) A person who has manufactured, imported or processed a pesticide or toxic substance in use before the commencement of these Regulations shall apply for registration within thirty days from the commencement of these Regulations.

   (5) The proprietory rights in the data and information referred to in paragraphs (3) of sub- regulation (2) (a) and (b) shall be duly protected.

4.   

   (1) The Inspectorate shall register a pesticide or a toxic substance and issue a certificate of registration in Form PTS 2 in the First Schedule, if satisfied that the pesticide or toxic substance which is the subject of the application is suitable and effective for the purposes for which it is intended without causing damage to the environment.

   (2) A certificate of registration shall be-

      (a)   valid for a period of thirty-six months and may be renewed for a like period:

Provided that the Inspectorate may limit the validity of registration for any period less than thirty-six months but not less than six months; and

      (b)   subject to the conditions which shall be determined by the Inspectorate.

   (3) A pesticide or toxic substance registered under this regulation shall not be altered in any way without approval of the Inspectorate so as to change its formulation, composition or usage or in any other manner.

5.   Import of experimental pesticide or toxic substance

   (1) No person, except a recognised research or educational institution, shall import into Zambia, any experimental pesticide or toxic substance which is not registered under these regulations without authority from the Inspectorate on Form PTS 4 set out in the First Schedule.

   (2) An application to import any experimental pesticide and toxic substance shall be made in

Form PTS 3 set out in the First Schedule and shall be accompanied by the appropriate fee.

   (3) Any recognised research or education institution which imports an experimental pesticide or toxic substance shall not later than seven days after the arrival of the pesticide or toxic substance in Zambia, complete in triplicate and forward to the Inspectorate Form PTS 5 set out in the Second Schedule.

   (4) No experimental pesticide or toxic substance shall be offered to any person other than a person approved by the Inspectorate to participate in the experimentation.

   (5) No plants or products treated with experimental pesticide or toxic substance shall be sold or disposed of or consumed without the prior written authority of the Inspectorate.

   (6) The label affixed to a container in which a pesticide or toxic substance is imported for purposes of experiment, shall be clearly marked with the words "FOR EXPERIMENTAL USES ONLY- NOT FOR SALE."

6.   Transportation of registered pesticides or toxic substances

   (1) No person shall transport pesticides or toxic substances unless they are registered under these Regulations.

   (2) Any person who transports pesticides or toxic substances shall use vehicles with clear warning signs with symbols set out in the Third Schedule.

   (3) A person who transports pesticides or toxic substances shall only transport pesticides and toxic substances which are-

      (a)   clearly labelled in accordance with these Regulations;

      (b)   in packaging that will not allow leakage or spillage of product during loading, transportation and offloading;

      (c)   not loaded in the same space with foodstuff or goods intended for human or animal consumption or a container for human and animal use or clothing;

      (d)   conveyed by drivers who carry First Aid equipment and have necessary basic handling and poisoning information on pesticides and toxic substances; and

      (e)   in accordance with the guidelines set out in the Fourth Schedule.

   (4) No person shall transport severely restricted pesticides or toxic substances-

      (a)   without the consent in writing of the Inspectorate;

      (b)   which are not labelled in accordance with these Regulations; or

      (c)   which results in deliberate disposal, or spillage into the environment.

PART III
LABELLING AND PACKAGING

7.   Labelling

   (1) No person shall sell any pesticide or toxic substance without a label which has been approved by the Inspectorate and which is securely fixed to the container.

   (2) The Inspectorate shall not approve a label for a pesticide or toxic substance unless it states-

      (a)   the name and address of the company producing and distributing the pesticide or toxic substance;

      (b)   the trade name and formulation of the pesticide or toxic substance;

      (c)   the common name of pesticide or toxic substance;

      (d)   the quantity by mass or volume of the pesticide or toxic substance;

      (e)   the use for which the pesticide or toxic substance is registered;

      (f)   the directions for use;

      (g)   the withholding period;

      (h)   in pictograms in accordance with the schedule of instructions set out in the Fifth Schedule and warnings on safe use of the pesticide or toxic substance;

      (i)   the hazard warnings of the contents of the pesticide or toxic substance in accordance with the warnings set out in Part I and II of the Third Schedule;

      (j)   the warning against the re-use of containers and instructions for safe disposal of surplus or expired pesticide or toxic substance or decontamination of empty containers in accordance with the Ninth Schedule;

      (k)   the first aid instructions and medical advice treatment;

      (l)   the date of manufacture and the date of expiry;

      (m)   the net contents of the pesticide or toxic substance; and

      (n)   any other information the Inspectorate may require.

   (3) The label on a pesticide or toxic substance shall be large enough to be read easily and shall be of durable quality.

   (4) No pesticide or toxic substance shall be transported within Zambia to a destination where it will be further processed, packed or re-packed for retail trade without the label affixed in accordance with sub-regulation (1), (2) and (3).

   (5) No person shall use a label which contains inaccurate or untrue claims relating to the safety, non-toxicity or harmlessness or composition of the pesticide or toxic substance.

8.   Packaging

   (1) No person shall pack a pesticide or toxic substance in a container which-

      (a)   will react chemically or physically with the substance it is to contain; and

      (b)   is not of sufficient strength for handling and transportation to prevent the escape of the pesticide or toxic substance.

   (2) No person shall re-pack, decant or dispense any pesticide or toxic substance into food or beverage containers.

   (3) No person shall load for transportation any packages which are damaged, severely corroded or which show evidence of leakage.

   (4) No person shall use very dangerous or dangerous pesticide or toxic substance which are set out in Part III of the Seventh Schedule or open the container and repack such a substance in any other container, unless there is adequate provision for-

      (a)   all the persons involved to be made aware of the hazardous nature of the pesticide or toxic substance and take all the necessary precautions in the handling of that substance, including the wearing of appropriate protective clothing;

      (b)   appropriate measures for the safety of any other person who may be at risk from exposure to that substance; and

      (c)   the immediate availability of facilities for the administration of the appropriate First Aid treatment, and the right personnel to deal with emergency situations.

   (5) No person other than that person in whose name a pesticide or toxic substance is registered in terms of these regulations may open the container of that pesticide or toxic substance and repack it for sale.

   (6) The Inspectorate may direct any person in whose name a pesticide or toxic substance is registered in terms of these regulations to submit for inspection and approval the container of that pesticide or toxic substance.

PART IV
GENERAL HANDLING, USE AND SAFETY

9.   

   (1) A person who uses a pesticide or toxic substance, in the form of dust, vapours or very small spray droplets, the container of which bears or is required to bear a label with a warning "very dangerous poison" or "poison" or where application of the pesticide or toxic substance is in confined places, shall use suitable and effective cartridge type respirators, or masks with special canisters, in accordance with the Eighth Schedule, whichever is appropriate.

   (2) A person who fumigates or applies a pesticide or toxic substance, the container of which bears or is required to bear a label with a warning "very dangerous poison" or "poison" shall use a suitable respiratory so that none of the contaminated ambient air is inhaled.

   (3) No person shall authorise or order the wearing of a respirator when the canister or cartridge has exceeded the service life specified by the manufacturer.

   (4) No woman who is pregnant or child who is under 16 years of age shall be employed in the handling of pesticides or toxic substances.

   (5) All employees shall display or make available a copy of this regulation to all the employees who are involved in the handling of a pesticide or toxic substance.

   (6) All employers of persons handling pesticides and toxic substances shall cause their employees to undergo medical checkups every six (6) months to assess the pesticides or toxic substance levels and effects.

   (7) All manufacturers, formulators and those involved in repackaging of pesticides or toxic substances shall install dust and vapour extractors.

   (8) All employers shall provide washing facilities for persons handling pesticides or toxic substances.

   (9) No person shall be allowed to eat, drink or smoke whilst handling pesticides or toxic substances.

   (10) All employers shall ensure availability of adequate, suitable and accessible fire extinguishers in the handling area.

PART V
STORAGE AND DISPOSAL

10.   Conditions of storage of pesticide or toxic substance

   (1) Pesticides and toxic substances shall be stored in a warehouse which-

      (a)   can be securely locked;

      (b)   has walls and frames made of material that is non-combustible;

      (c)   has floors made of concrete and is impervious to liquids;

      (d)   has a roof designed to prevent smoke accumulating in it in case of fire;

      (e)   contains two clearly labelled and accessible emergency exits;

      (f)   is separated from office accommodation;

      (g)   contains a handling area where the floor is at the height of a vehicle bed;

      (h)   is adequately lit and ventilated on the lower and upper parts of the walls and roof;

      (i)   has a separate drainage system for rain water drainage;

      (j)   has floor surrounded by bunding and has hazard and safety signs displayed at appropriate places;

      (k)   has compartments for separating pesticides or toxic substances according to uses, classes and other appropriate categories;

      (l)   has adequate, suitable and accessible fire extinguishers; and

      (m)   meets the conditions set out in the Seventh Schedule.

   (2) Pesticides and toxic substances shall be stored out of doors only if-

      (a)   they are fenced and locked in;

      (b)   the floor of the storage area is made of concrete and is bunded; and

      (c)   hazard and safety signs are displayed at appropriate places.

11.   Disposal of pesticides or toxic substances

Pesticides and toxic substances shall be disposed of in accordance with-

      (a)   the scheme of disposal submitted with the application to register the pesticide or toxic substance;

   (b)      the instructions on the label and accompanying leaflet of a pesticide or toxic substance; and

      (c)   the requirements and conditions set out in the Ninth Schedule.

PART V
MISCELLANEOUS

12.   Banned or severely restricted pesticides or toxic substances

   (1)   The Minister may, by statutory order and in consultation with the Council, ban or severely restrict the use of any pesticide or toxic substance specified in such notice.

   (2) The pesticide or toxic substance which is banned under this regulation shall-

      (a)   be withdrawn from sale and all other uses within six months from the date of publication of the statutory order; and

      (b)   be exported only with the approval of the Inspectorate and on such conditions as it may determine.

13.   Register of pesticides and toxic substances

The Inspectorate shall maintain a register of the registered pesticides and toxic substances and of banned and severely restricted pesticides and toxic substances.

14.   Duty to report possession and supply information about expired pesticide or toxic substances

   (1) Any person who has in his possession surplus expired pesticides or toxic substances shall within three months of the expiry inform the Inspectorate in Form PTS 6 set out in the Second Schedule.

   (2) Any person who manufactures imports or processes pesticides or toxic substances registered under these Regulations shall submit a record of quantities used and not used and associated storage or other problems relating to the pesticides or toxic substances to the Inspectorate every six months from the date of registration.

15.   Enforcement notice

   (1) If the Inspectorate has reasonable cause to believe that a person is contravening any of the provisions of these Regulations or a condition of registration the Inspectorate shall serve an enforcement notice on that person.

   (2) An enforcement notice shall-

      (a)   state the belief regarding the contravention or the likely contravention of the provisions of these Regulations or a condition of the registration and specify the matters constituting the contravention or making it likely that the contravention will arise, as the case may be;

      (b)   specify the steps that have to be taken to remedy the contravention or avoid the contravention, as the case may be; and

      (c)   specify the time limit within which the steps described under paragraph (d) have to be taken.

16.   Offences and penalties

Any person who contravenes any of the provisions of these Regulations or a condition of registration after an enforcement notice has been issued under regulation 15-

      (a)   shall have the registration cancelled; and

      (b)   shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable upon conviction to a fine provided in section 64 of the Act.

FIRST SCHEDULE

PRESCRIBED FORMS

[Regulations 3, 4, 5 and 14]

Form PTS 1

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA

ENVIRONMENTAL COUNCIL

Pollution (Pesticides and Toxic Substances) Regulations

(To be completed in triplicate)

To: The Chief Inspector (Pollution Control) Environmental Council

P.O. Box 35131

LUSAKA

1.   Name of Applicant:

2.   Address of applicant:

      (a)   Postal..

      (b)   Business

3.   Type of pesticide (insecticide, herbicide, fungicide, etc.) or toxic substances (e.g. cyanide, benzene);

A. Information to be submitted with this application for all pesticides, toxic substances and for which registration is sought.

1.   Trade name:.......

2.   Full chemical name of each ingredient:......

3.   Common name of each active ingredient:......

4.   The empirical and structural formula for each active ingredient:

5.   Formulation (type of formulation: wettable powder, emulsifiable concentrate, etc.)

6.   Percentage of purity on a mass-by-mass or mass by volume basis (specify) of each active ingredient and other ingredients (including inert matter) in the pesticide/toxic substance stating which percentage applies to each ingredient:

7.   Physical and chemical properties of each ingredient with specific reference to type of formulation:

7.   1. Appearance:.......

7.   2 Density (for liquids only)

7.   3 Flammability: liquids flash point .......

solids; statement to be made as to whether product is flammable

7.   4 Wettability (for dispersible powders)

7.   5 Suspensibility (for dispersible powders, suspension concentrates)

7.   6 Emulsion stability (for emulsifiable concentrates).

7.   7 Corrosiveness.......

7.   8 Known incompatibilities with other products (specify)

8.   Size of containers in which pesticides or toxic substance is to be sold and the net weight or volume:......

9.   Nature of containers in which pesticide or toxic substance is to be sold:......

10.   Stability of formulation:

      (a)   on storage (at temperature of 25 degree C+-3 degree C): (b) on dilution:.

      (c)   Shelf life in general..

11.   Corrosiveness of equipment:.

12.   Phytotoxicity:..........

13.   Safety precautions to be observed in handling, use and storage:......

14.   Hazard to wildlife:.....

15.   Residue data:..........

16.   Proposed use:..........

17.   Directions of use:.......

18.   Directions for safe disposal of expired pesticide or toxic substance:

19.   Directions for safe disposal of used container

20.   Biological effectiveness and benefit in use:

I hereby apply for registration, under the Pesticides and Toxic Substances Regulations, of the Pesticide/Toxic Substance of which particulars are given above, and I certify that these particulars are to the best of my knowledge, true and correct.

................................................................................................

Date Signature of applicant and

Official stamp

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA

Form PTS 2

ENVIRONMENTAL COUNCIL

Pollution Control (Pesticides and Toxic Substances) Regulations

CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION

[Regulation 4(1)]

Number:

To:

of:..........

is hereby registered as a

Registration is from ...........................................................................................20........ Registration is subject to the following conditions:

It is hereby:

      (a)   Certified that the pesticide/toxic substance referred to in Form PTS 1 has been registered; and

      (b)   Approval has been granted of the labels and advertisements copies of which are attached hereto, and which are to be used in connection with the said pesticide/toxic substance.

................................................................................................

Date and Official stamp Chief Inspector

(Pollution Control)

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA

ENVIRONMENTAL COUNCIL

Pollution Control (Pesticides and Toxic Substances)

[Regulations]

Form PTS 3

APPLICATION TO IMPORT EXPERIMENTAL PESTICIDE OR TOXIC SUBSTANCE TO BE USED ONLY FOR EXPERIMENTATION

[Regulation 5 (2)]

(To be completed in triplicate)

To: The Chief Inspector (Pollution Control) Environmental Council

P.O. Box 35131

Lusaka

1.   Name of applicant:

2.   Address of applicant:

      (a)   Postal:

      (b)   Business:.

3.   Types of pesticide or toxic substance (insecticide, herbicide, cyanide etc):

4.   Active ingredient:

5.   Toxicological data; and animals (state type of animal)

      (a)   Oral LD 50:

      (b)   Dermal LD 50:

      (c)   Inhalation LD 50.

6.   Trade name

7.   Common name:

8.   Approximate quantity:

9.   Intended use:

10.   Proposed duration of experiment (commencing date and finishing date):

11.   Person conducting trials and academic qualification:

12.   Name of manufacturer:

13.   Address of manufacturer:

I hereby apply to import, under the Pollution Control (Pesticide and Toxic Substances) Regulations, the Pesticide/Toxic Substance for experimental purposes particulars of which are given above.

................................................................................................

Date Signature of applicant and

Official stamp

For Official use only:

Date application received

Experimental Registration Number:

The Application to import: has/has not been approved.

Reasons for non-approval.

................................................................................................

Date and Official stamp Chief Inspector
(Pollution Control)

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA

Form PTS 4

ENVIRONMENTAL COUNCIL

Pollution Control (Pesticides and Toxic Substances) Regulations

AUTHORITY TO IMPORT EXPERIMENTAL PESTICIDES FOR TOXIC SUBSTANCES

[Regulation 5]

Number:

To:

of

Date application received

I hereby certify that authority to import pesticide/toxic substance for experimental purposes only has been granted.

The experimental registration number is:

The registration expires on:

and is subject to the following conditions: .

The application to import .......... has/has not been approved. Reasons for non-approval

................................................................................................

Date and Official stamp Chief Inspector

(Pollution Control)

Form PTS 5

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA

ENVIRONMENTAL COUNCIL

Pollution Control (Pesticides and Toxic Substances) Regulations

NOTICE OF IMPORT OF EXPERIMENTAL, PESTICIDE OR TOXIC SUBSTANCES

[Regulation 5(3)]

(To be submitted in triplicate)

1.   Name of Research Institute

2.   Address of the Research Institute:

      (a)   Postal ..........

      (b)   Business

Telephone   Telex ................................................ Telefax

3.   Type of pesticide/toxic substances (insecticide, herbicide, rodenticide, cyanide, benzene, etc)

4.   Registration number

5.   Trade name

6.   Common name

7.   Approximate quantity

8.   Expiry date

9.   Proposed use

.......... ..........

..........................................................................

Date Signature of Scientist and Official stamp

Form PTS 6

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA

ENVIRONMENTAL COUNCIL

Pollution Control (Pesticides and Toxic Substances) Regulations

NOTICE OF POSSESSION OF EXPIRED PESTICIDES OR TOXIC SUBSTANCES

[Regulation 14]

(To be submitted in triplicate)

To: The Chief Inspector (Pollution Control) Environmental Council

P.O. Box 31531

LUSAKA

1.   Name of owner of expired pesticide or toxic substance

2.   Address

      (a)   Postal

      (b)   Business

3.   Type of pesticide or toxic substance

4.   Trade name

5.   Full chemical name

6.   Common name of each active ingredient

7.   Formulation

8.   Toxicology Data on Humans and laboratory animals (specify)

      (a)   Oral LD 50

      (b)   Dermal LD 50

      (c)   Inhalation LD 50

9.   Phyto-toxicity

10.   Quantity of expired pesticide or toxic substance

11.   Instructions on handling precautions

12.   Directions for safe disposal

13.   Pesticide or toxic substance registration number

I hereby notify you of the above expired pesticide/toxic substance in my possession. The pesticides/toxic substance expired before use because

............................................................................................

Date Signature of applicant and Official stamp

For official use only:

Date notification received:

Date Registration number checked

Your notification has been received and the inspectorate (state action)

............................................................................................

Date Chief Inspector (Pollution Control) Environmental Council

SECOND SCHEDULE

[Regulations 3 and 5]

[Second sch subs by reg 2 of SI 26 of 2001.]

PRESCRIBED FEES

1.   Importation and Distribution

The fee payable shall be 8,667 fee units per product for the imported chemical.

Fee Units

2. Registration/Licensing

25,000

Storage facility/premises

5,000

Small scale local distributors

278

Clearing agents/transit storage

5,000

Transportation

2,500

Manufacturing

125,000

Fumigation

125,000

Fumigation (small scale)

1,250

Pest Control Agents

1,250

Pest Control Agents (small scale)

650

THIRD SCHEDULE

[Regulations 6(2) and 7]

SYMBOLS FOR WARNING SIGNS FOR VEHICLES TRANSPORTING PESTICIDE OR TOXIC SUBSTANCES

PART I – B

1.   The hazardous-warning signs that shall be used on hazard-warning panels and compartment labels during transportation of toxic substances are set out in part II.

2.   The hazard-warning signs that shall be used when transporting pesticides are set out in Part III.

3.   Each hazard-warning panel for pesticides and toxic substances shall be in form of an equilateral triangle and a square set with its side at an angle of 45 degrees to the verticle respectively and the length of the sides shall be-

      (a)   in the case of signs on hazard-warning panels, 200 millimetres or

      (b)   in the case of signs on compartments labels 95 millimetres.

4.   Signs for hazard-warning panels shall, for any part of the sign that is not black, have a black border at least 5 millimetre wide.

Toxic Part II

Description of sign

Symbol

Lettering

Background

Flammable liquids

Black

Black

Red

Flammable gases

Black

Black

Red

Flammable solid

Black

Black

White with verticle red stripes

Corrosive substances

Black

White

White upper half black lower

Toxic gases

Black

Black

White

Organic peroxides

Black

Black

Yellow

Oxidising substances

Black

Black

Yellow

Substances emitting flammable gases when in contact with water

Black

Black

Blue

Spontaneously half combustible

Black

Black

White upper half

Harmful substances

Black

Black

Red lower half white upper

PART III

Pesticide Toxicity

colour code

Warning

Additional

(i) Acute oral LD 50 up to 50mg/kg:

Red

Very dangerous poison

Skull and cross bones

(ii) Acute dermal LD50 up to 200mg/kg

Red

Very dangerous poison

Skull and cross bones

(iii) Acute inhalation LC50 up to 200mg/m3/4h

Red

Very dangerous poison

Skull and cross bones

(iv) Acute oral LD50 51-500mg/kg

Purple

Dangerous poison

Skull and cross bones

(v) Acute dermal LD50 201-2, 000mg/kg

Purple

poison

Dangerous Skull and cross bones

(vi) Acute inhalation LD50 201-2,000mg/m

Purple

Dangerous poison

Skull and cross bones

(vii) Acute oral LD50 501 2,001mg/kg

Amber

Poison

(viii) Acute dermal LD50 2,001mg/kg

Amber

Poison

(ix) Acute inhalation LC50 2,001-20,000mg/m 3/4h

Amber

Poison

(x) Acute oral LD50 greater than 20,000mg/kg

Green

Harmful if swallowed

(xi) Acute dermal LD 50

Green

Harmful

(xii) Acute inhalation LC50 greater than
20,000mg/m3

Green

Harmful

(xiii) Acute inhalation LC50 greater than
20,000mg/m3

Green

Harmful

Pesticide shall be classified according to colour, symbol and warning it carries;

Symbol

Warning

Colour code

Red

Very dangerous poison

Purple

Dangerous poison

Amber

Poison

Green

Harmful

FOURTH SCHEDULE

[Regulation 6]

GUIDELINES FOR TRANSPORTATION OF PESTICIDES AND TOXIC SUBSTANCES

1.   Ensure that the emergency procedure information relating to the pesticide(s) or toxic substances card is in the vehicle.

2.   Ensure that all hazard warnings are displayed, not obstructed and that they are kept clean at all times.

3.   Follow the route as advised by the transporter or operator.

4.   Ensure that the vehicle is not left unattended at any time.

5.   Ensure that the vehicle has certificate of fitness.

6.   Ensure that the First Aid Equipment is in the vehicle.

FIFTH SCHEDULE

[Regulation 7]

PICTOGRAMS (FAO, WHO and GIFAP)

The following pictograms shall be put on labels to complete labelling; they will be put on labels either as singly or in combination with appropriate one stop give complete instructions:

A pictogram showing a product kept in safety by key and lock

Pictogram showing instruction on washing

Pictogram to show that product is dangerous to animals

Dangerous to aquatic life gloves

Instructions to wear safety goggles

Instructions to wear protective gloves

Instructions on type of wear

Instructions to use complete face shield

Instructions to use respirators

[ED Note: Sixth Schedule not available]

SEVENTH SCHEDULE

[Regulation 10]

1.   Warehousing and Storage

      (a)   The pesticide and toxic substances warehouse should be located away from homes, highly populated areas, drinking water sources and areas liable to flooding.

      (b)   The floors in the building should be of concrete with a load bearing capacity sufficient to withstand the weight of the stock, ranking and any mechanical handling equipment to be used. Floors should be impervious to liquids, free from cracks and smooth to facilitate cleaning.

      (c)   The building should be designed such that escape in case of emergency should be possible from any enclosed area in at least two directions. Emergency exits should be clearly marked.

      (d)   The warehouse should have access from at least two sides to facilitate fire fighting, regardless of wind directions and also facilitate easy escape from an enclosed area.

      (e)   All warehouses constructed above ground level should have special provision for bunding. This can be achieved, for example by constructing ramps across external doorways of existing warehouses.

      (f)   The building should permit reasonable movement of materials and enough space to allow hygienic working conditions and clear access to fire-fighting equipment.

      (g)   The walls of the warehouse should be of non-flammable type and all pipings and electrical wiring should be sealed.

      (h)   The roof of the warehouse should be able to effectively keep out rain, be able to provide both ventilation to allow fumes and heat to escape in case of fire and at the same time provide protection against direct sunlight.

      (i)   The warehouse should have drains which should not be directly linked to waterways or public sewers. They should instead be linked by a closed system, to an evaporation tank.

      (j)   The evaporation tank should be emptied from time to time depending on the accumulation of solid waste. It should be covered during the rainy season to avoid filling by rain water.

2.   

      (a)    All products should be stored under lock and key with proper warning signs displayed clearly to keep away unauthorised persons. Pesticides and toxic substances must be stored in a separate warehouse, away from any other goods especially foods and stockfeeds.

      (b)   Before storing any pesticides ensure that they are properly labelled and are of good quality and acceptable condition. If any of the products are not in good condition, do not store them together with other products but take appropriate action.

      (c)   If pesticides and toxic substances are to be stacked inside the warehouse, stacking heights should not exceed three metres unless the use of racking prevents overloading of the lower tiers.

      (d)   Persons loading pesticides and toxic substances in the warehouse should pay special attention to "THIS SIDE UP" signs on cartoned packs.

      (e)   Pesticides and toxic substances should be stored separately, preferably according to their use in the field e.g. herbicides, insecticides etc. The objective of this is to prevent cross contamination as well as minimise the risk of fire and consequent environmental contamination often presented by mixed storage arrangements.

3.   

      (a)   All stocks in the warehouse should be frequently inspected for leakages, caking of powders, pulverisation of granules, sedimentation or gelling of liquids, change in colour due to oxidation, dampness of packages and corrosion or deterioration of containers. All leakages must be treated as being extremely toxic.

      (b)   Spillages should not be cleaned out with water. They must be swept up and kept in a special labelled container awaiting safe disposal. Liquids should first be absorbed by saw dust, earth or any other absorbent before being swept out.

      (c)   Every warehouse must have an emergency spills treatment kit consisting of a PVC apron, neoprene gloves, a gas mask, a brush or broom, a dust pan, an empty clearly labelled container (for collecting wastes) a container of sawdust and a spade.

      (d)   Always strictly follow the rule "First-in First-out" i.e. new stocks should be moved to the rear.

EIGHTH SCHEDULE

[Regulation 9]

PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT

A. Any person involved in the manufacture and formulation of pesticides or toxic substances must ensure that the following protective clothing is available to the employees:

      (i)   acid resistant or chemical resistant overalls or dust coats with buttons to the neck;

      (ii)   acid resistant or chemical resistant trousers and coat or suit;

      (iii)   PVC gloves;

      (iv)   PVC aprons;

      (v)   rubber boots;

      (vi)   respirator canisters with filters specific for dust, mist, fumes, gases and vapour;

      (vii)   face shields covering eyes and face;

B. To clean-up spills the following should be available:

      (i)   absorbent material (saw dust, sand, earth or powdered lime); (ii) washing detergent;

      (iii)   brooms

      (iv)   shovels, spades; and

      (v)   funnels.

When self contained breathing apparatus is to be used only persons properly trained and experienced in the correct procedure should be allowed to use them.

NINTH SCHEDULE

[Regulation 11]

Disposal Options

Pesticides, toxic substances, wastes, those which are expired, spillage and left over diluted product and packaging material can be disposed of in the following manner:

1.   Product use by Recycling

If an alternative use exists the product may be reused or may be reformulated for the purpose for which it is intended to be used.

2.   High Temperature Incineration (High Temperature Thermal Oxidation)

Should be considered when disposing of most pesticides and toxic substances, but should NOT be used when disposing-

      (a)   inorganic materials;

      (b)   organic products containing heavy metals such as mercury and lead;

3.   Chemical Treatment

To be used as a disposal technology for a few specific unformulated pesticides and some other toxic substances. The products of decomposition from such treatment should not present toxic or environmental hazard.

4.   Long Term Storage

Certain compounds cannot be disposed of safely using existing technology. Such compounds include those containing heavy metals and in particular, organomercury compounds.

The only available option is to contain and store these products safely until a suitably acceptable disposal technology is developed.

A full risk analysis should be made for all materials stored to ensure maximum safety over the longest foreseeable period of time.

5.   Landfill (for Incinerator Ash and SLG Only)

Landfilling is not an acceptable disposal option for pesticides and toxic wastes which can be leached. Incinerator ash and slag can be disposed of at approved landfill sites.

6.   Waste Solidifications/Fixation

The process involves the mixing of chemical and other waste with building materials such as cement, silicates and plymers, causing the mixtures to solidify into an impervious mass. Waste treated in this way can be disposed of at a landfill. This should be applicable to inorganic wastes. Organic wastes could easily leach into ground water with time, and should therefore not be

used in disposing organic pesticides or toxic substances.

7.   Packaging Materials Disposal

Contaminated packaging material shall be disposed of as follows:

      (a)   Contaminated Packaging material-Cartons, boxes and bags should be cut and rendered non-usable. The waste should be overpacked in plastic bags to minimise the risk for exposure during handling:

      (i)   Burning in a simple incinerator, or on a hot fire in isolated area downwind of the nearest habitation.

      (ii)   Burial in an approved landfill

      (b)   Small Packs

Small packaging shall be drained well to reduce residues to a minimum by triple-rinsing with water or an appropriate solvent such as diesel fuel. The triple rinsed packaging material should be made unusable by shredding or crushing. Combustible packaging material should be incinerated.

Non-combustible crushed containers should be buried in a landfill site.

Small packs which cannot be or have not been triple rinsed should be over-packed in strong polyethylene bags or preferably 200 litre steel drums for disposal as toxic wastes.

      (c)   Large containers

Effort must be made to drain the maximum amount of residue from each container prior to triple rinsing with water or suitable solvent and disposed of as follows:

      (i)   Steel Drums

Triple-rinsed and drained drums should be crushed, to render them unusable and disposed of by either:

-STEEL SMELTING- This is the preferred option. Where the drums are processed at high temperature for metal recovery

-BURIAL-Burial in an approved landfill site at least one metre below ground level.

      (ii)   Plastic Drums

After triple rinsing, plastic drums must be punctured and shredded to avoid any form of reuse and packed for disposal by burial at approved landfill sites. Large quantities of plastic wastes must not be burned except in approved incinerator with the flue-gas scrubbing facilities.

9.   Export -Where no "safe disposal" facilities exist in Zambia, export of pesticide and toxic wastes to another country with facilities can be done.

10.   Return to Manufacturer-Where a manufacturer is willing to accept pesticides or toxic substances wastes or expired obsolete stocks, this will be accepted as a disposal option.

WASTE MANAGEMENT (LICENSING OF TRANSPORTERS OF WASTES AND WASTE DISPOSAL SITES) REGULATIONS

[Sections 55 and 96]

[RETAINED AS PER S.15 OF INTERPRETATION AND GENERAL PROVISIONS ACT]

[Currency mentioned in this regulation should be re-denominated as stipulated under S 4 of Re-denomination Act, 2012, read with S 29 of Bank of Zambia Act, 1996.]

[Regulations by the Minister]

Arrangement of Regulations

   Regulation

   1.   Title

   2.   Interpretation

   3.   Application

   4.   Application for licence to transport wastes or operate waste disposal plant

   5.   Licence to transport wastes

   6.   Licence to own or operate a waste disposal site or plant

   7.   Duty to keep records

   8.   Register of licences

   9.   Enforcement notice

   10.   Offences and penalties

      FIRST SCHEDULE

      SECOND SCHEDULE

SI 71 of 1993,

SI 134 of 1996,

SI 165 of 1998,

SI 24 of 2001.

1.   Title

These Regulations may be cited as the Waste Management (Licensing of Transporters of Wastes and Waste Disposal Sites) Regulations.

2.   Interpretation

In these Regulations unless the context otherwise requires-

"disposal site" means the land or water area on which waste disposal facilities are physically located;

"Inspectorate" means the Environmental Inspectorate established under section 81 of the Act; and

"wastes" subject to regulation 3, includes hazardous wastes and shall have the meanings assigned to them in the Act.

3.   Application

These Regulations shall not apply to–

      (a)   domestic waste from residential household of forty-five kilograms weight or less per week; and

      (b)   the transportation of construction and demolition debris to licensed disposal sites.

4.   Application for licence to transport wastes or operate waste disposal plant

   (1) A person intending to transport wastes or operate a waste disposal site or plant shall apply for a licence to the Inspectorate in Forms WM1 and WM2 of the First Schedule respectively and shall be accompanied by the appropriate fee set out in the Second Schedule.

   (2) A person who transports wastes or owns or operates a waste disposal site or plant before the commencement of these Regulations shall apply for a licence within thirty days from the commencement of these Regulations.

5.   Licence to transport wastes

   (1) The Inspectorate shall issue a licence to transport wastes in form WM3 of the First Schedule if-

      (a)   satisfied that the applicant has adequate and appropriate facilities and equipment to transport wastes without causing significant damage to the environment;

      (b)   satisfied with collection schedule of wastes of the applicant; and

      (c)   the Inspectorate had published its intention to issue the licence by notice in the Gazette, twenty-eight days before the issue of the licence.

   (2) A licence to transport wastes shall be subject to the following conditions:

      (a)   The collection and transportation of wastes shall be conducted in a manner that would not cause scattering of the waste.

      (b)   The vehicles, pipelines and equipment for the transportation of waste shall be in such a state as not to cause the scattering of or the flowing out of the wastes or the emitting of bad smells from the wastes.

      (c)   The vehicles for the transportation of wastes shall follow the approved schedule routes from the point of collection to the disposal site or plant.

      (d)   The personnel involved in the collection and transportation of wastes shall be provided with-

      (i)   adequate protective and safety clothing;

      (ii)   adequate appropriate equipment or facilities for loading wastes; and

      (iii)   safe and secure sitting facilities in the vehicles for transporting wastes.

      (e)   The personnel involved in the collection and transportation of wastes shall undergo an annual medical check up.

      (f)   Any other condition which the Inspectorate shall consider relevant for the transportation of wastes.

   (3) A licence to transport wastes shall be valid for thirty-six months and may be renewed for a like period:

Provided that the Inspectorate may limit the validity of the licence for any period less than thirty-six months but not less than six months, when necessary.

   (4) An Inspector may at any reasonable time stop and inspect any vehicle used for the transportation of wastes.

6.   Licence to own or operate a waste disposal site or plant

   (1) The Inspectorate shall issue a licence in Form WM4 of the First Schedule to own or operate a waste disposal site or plant if-

      (a)   approval has been obtained from the town and country planning authority on the location of the waste disposal site or plant;

      (b)   satisfied that the owner or operator of the waste disposal site or plant has the ability and the appropriate facilities to manage the waste disposal site or plant without causing significant damage to the environment; taking into account the summary of the environmental impact statement submitted by the owner or operator; and

      (c)   notice has been given by the Gazette on the proposed waste disposal site or plant, twenty-eight days before the issue of the licence.

   (2) A licence to own or operate a waste disposal site or plant shall be subject to the following conditions:

      (a)   the waste disposal site or plant shall be enclosed and secure from scavenging;

      (b)   the waste disposal site or plant shall have hazard and safety signs displayed at appropriate places indicating the disposal site or plant;

      (c)   the waste disposal site or plant shall be operated in a way which would-

      (i)   avoid polluting surface and underground water;

      (ii)   avoid the emitting of bad smells from the site or plant to levels beyond that approved by the Inspectorate;

      (iii)   prevent the breeding of rats, mosquitoes or other vermin at the site or plant;

      (d)   the wastes at the disposal site or plant shall be compacted to a thickness of approximately three metres or less for each layer of waste and each layer shall be covered with thirty centimetres of soil;

      (e)   means of ventilation shall be provided at the disposal site or plant to remove bio-gas generated from the disposal site or plant;

      (f)   the personnel working at the waste disposal site or plant shall be provided with-

      (i)   adequate protective and safety clothing;

      (ii)   adequate water and appropriate equipment or facilities for the operations of the disposal site or plant;

      (iii)   first aid facilities and training;

      (g)   the personnel working at the waste disposal site or plant shall undergo an annual medical check up;

      (h)   human waste or sewage shall be disposed of at a waste disposal site or plant after sewage treatment;

      (i)   measures to control and prevent scattering of papers or other light waste materials shall be installed at the waste disposal site or plant; and

      (j)   any other conditions which the Inspectorate shall consider relevant for the operation of the waste disposal site or plant.

   (3) A licence to own or operate a waste disposal site or plant shall be valid for thirty-six months and may be renewed for a like period:

Provided that the Inspectorate may limit the validity of the licence for any period less than thirty-six months, but not less than six months when necessary.

   (4) An Inspector may at any time, enter and inspect any waste disposal site or plant.

   (5) Any person who-

      (a)   operates or owns a waste management disposal site without a licence; or

      (b)   discharges waste onto a site or plant which is unlicensed;

shall be guilty of an offence.

7.   Duty to keep records

   (1) The holder of a licence under these Regulations shall-

      (a)   keep a record of the licensed activities; and

      (b)   submit the record referred to in paragraph (a) to the Inspectorate every six months from the commencement of the licensed activities.

   (2) The Inspectorate may order the holder of a licence under these Regulations to install, at the expense of the holder of the licence, metering devices and to take samples and analyse them as the Inspectorate may direct.

8.   Register of licences

The Inspectorate shall maintain a licences register of holders of licences to transport wastes or operate wastes disposal sites or plants.

9.   Enforcement notice

   (1) If the Inspectorate has reasonable cause to believe that a person is contravening any of the provisions of these Regulations or a condition of the licence is or is likely to be contravened, the Inspectorate shall serve an enforcement notice on that person.

   (2) An enforcement notice shall-

      (a)   state the belief regarding the contravention or the likely contravention of the provisions of these Regulations or a condition of the licence and specify the matters constituting the contravention or making it likely that the contravention will arise, as the case may be;

      (b)   specify the steps that have to be taken to remedy the contravention or avoid the contravention, as the case may be; and

      (c)   specify the time limit within which the steps described under paragraph (b) have to be taken.

10.   Offences and penalties

Any person who contravenes any of the provisions of these Regulations or a condition of a licence after an enforcement notice has been issued under regulation 9-

      (a)   shall have the licence revoked; and

      (b)   shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable upon conviction to a fine or conviction as set out in section 91 of the Act.

FIRST SCHEDULE

PRESCRIBED FORMS

[Regulations 4, 5 and 6]

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA

ENVIRONMENTAL COUNCIL

Form WM1

The Waste Management (Licensing of Transporters of Wastes and Waste Disposal Sites) Regulations

APPLICATION TO TRANSPORT WASTES

[Regulation 4]

(To be completed in Triplicate)

To: The Chief Inspector (Pollution Control) Environmental Council

P.O. Box 35131

Lusaka

Name and address of applicant

Number and type of vehicles to transport waste

Facilities and equipment available on vehicles to transport wastes

Type of waste to be transported

Quantity of wastes per vehicle to be transported

Licensed sites/plant to which wastes are to be transported

Collection schedule Collection frequency

Any other information

....................................................................... ........................................................................

Date Signature

Designation/title..............................................

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

Application received   Fee paid.........................................................

...................................................................

........................................................................

Chief Inspector (Pollution Control)

Environmental Council Inspectorate

Form WM2

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA

Environmental Council

The Waste Management (Licensing of Transporters of Wastes and Waste Disposal Sites) Regulations

(To be completed in triplicate)

APPLICATION TO OWN/OPERATE WASTE DISPOSAL SITE/PLANT

[Regulation 4]

To: The Chief Inspector (Pollution Control) Environmental Council

P.O. Box 35131

Lusaka

Name and address of applicant

Location of site/plant

Approval of Town and Country Planning Authority Type of wastes to be disposed of at site/plant Quantity being disposed of/per annum tonne/Kg

Type of facilities/treatment to be carried on at site/plant

      (a)   Land fill

      (b)   Compost

      (c)   Incinerator

      (d)   Other-specify

Estimated life span of plant/site

Proposed hectarage/area of site/plant (include site plan and design)

Summary of environmental impact statement

Any other information

....................................................................... ...........................................................

Date Signature

Designation/title..............................................

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

Application received   ................................

Fee paid.........................................................

...................................................................

........................................................................

for Chief Inspector (Pollution Control)

Environmental Council Inspectorate

Form WM3

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA

Envirnmental Council

Waste Management (Licensing of Transporters of Wastes and Waste Disposal sites) Regulations

LICENCE TO TRANSPORT WASTES

[Regulation 5]

Licence No.

Name

Address

You are hereby licensed to transport wastes to

from

Number and type of vehicles licensed

Type of wastes to be transported

This licence is valid from 20....... to......................................................................................................................20.......

Approval of Town and Country Planning Authority

Type of wastes to be disposed of at site/plant

Quantity being disposed of/per annum tonne/Kg

Type of facilities/treatment to be carried on at site/plant

      (a)   Land fill

      (b)   Compost

      (c)   Incinerator

      (d)   Other-specify

Estimated life span of plant/site

This licence is granted subject to the following conditions:

........................................................................ ...................................................................

Date Chief Inspector (Pollution Control)

Environmental Council Inspectorate

Form WM4

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA

Environmental Council

Waste Management (Licensing of Transporters of Wastes and Waste Disposal Site) Regulations

LICENCE TO OWN/OPERATE WASTE DISPOSAL SITE/PLANT

[Regulation 6]

Licence No.

Name

Address

You are hereby licensed to own/operate a waste disposal site/plant at Plot No. Area.

Town

or the following types of wastes

this licence is granted valid from 20....... to 20.......

The licence is subject to the following conditions

........................................................................ .............................................................

Date Chief Inspector (Pollution Control)

Environmental Council Inspectorate

SECOND SCHEDULE

[Regulation 37]

[Second sch subs by reg 2 of SI 24 of 2001.]

PRESCRIBED FEES

Fee Unit

1. Licence to transport

Class 1

5,556

Class 2

2,778

2. Licence to own or operate a disposal site or plant.

Class 1

16,667

Class 2

11,111

Class 3

5,556

WATER POLLUTION CONTROL (EFFLUENT AND WASTE WATER) REGULATIONS

[Sections 23, 34 and 96]

[RETAINED AS PER S.15 OF INTERPRETATION AND GENERAL PROVISIONS ACT]

[Currency mentioned in this regulation should be re-denominated as stipulated under S 4 of Re-denomination Act, 2012, read with S 29 of Bank of Zambia Act, 1996.]

Arrangement of Regulations

   Regulation

   1.   Title

   2.   Interpretation

   3.   Application for licence to discharge effluent

   4.   Application for licence to withdraw water for diluting effluent

   5.   Licence to discharge effluent

   6.   Licence to withdraw water for treatment of effluent

   7.   Duty to keep records

   8.   Sampling of effluent and analysis

   9.   Register of licences

   10.   Offences

   11.   Enforcement notice

   12.   Penalties

      FIRST SCHEDULE

      SECOND SCHEDULE

      THIRD SCHEDULE

Act 13 of 1994,

SI 72 of 1993,

SI 177 of 1993,

SI 133 of 1996,

SI 25 of 2001.

[Regulations by the Minister]

1.   Title

These Regulations may cited as the Water Pollution Control (Effluent and Waste Water) Regulations.

2.   Interpretation

In these Regulations unless the context otherwise requires-

"aquatic environment" means all surface and ground waters, but does not include water in installations and facilities for industrial effluent, sewage collection and treatment;

"discharge" means spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying or dumping;

"effluent" means waste water or other fluid of domestic, agricultural, trade or industrial origin, treated or untreated and discharged directly or indirectly into the aquatic environment;

"inspectorate" means the Environmental Inspectorate established under section 81 of the Act;

"inspector" means a person appointed as such under section 83;

"licence" means a licence to discharge effluent issued under section 31;

"pollutant" means any substance or energy which if it enters or is discharged into water may cause discomfort to, or endanger the health, safety and welfare of persons, or may cause injury or damage to plant or animal life or property, or which may interfere unreasonably with the normal enjoyment of life or property or use of property or conduct of business, and those objects or substances as may inadvertently obstruct or divert the natural flow of a water course when discharged or dumped into it;

"sewage" means waste water generated by residential and commercial establishments;

"sewage system" includes sewage treatment plants;

"waste water" means water which has been used for domestic, commercial, agricultural, trading or industrial purposes and as a result of such uses may cause water pollution when discharged into the aquatic environment; and

"water pollution" means the introduction, directly or indirectly of pollutants into an aquatic environment.

3.   Application for licence to discharge effluent

   (1) A local authority intending to operate a sewage system or owner or operator of any industry or trade which will discharge effluent into the aquatic environment shall apply to the Inspectorate for a licence in Form WP1 set out in the First Schedule and shall pay the appropriate fee set out in the Second Schedule.

   (2) A local authority operating a sewage system or owner or operator of any industry or trade discharging effluent into the aquatic environment before the commencement of these Regulations shall apply to the Inspectorate for a licence, referred to in sub-regulation (1) within thirty days from the commencement of these Regulations.

   (3) The application referred to in sub-regulation (1) shall contain information relating to the quality and quantity of effluent, its treatment and such other information as the Inspectorate may require.

[Am by SI 177 of 1993.]

4.   Application for licence to withdraw water for diluting effluent

   (1) A person intending to withdraw water from a water course or any other source for the purpose of diluting an effluent shall apply to the Inspectorate for a licence in Form WP2 set out in the First Schedule and shall pay the appropriate fee set out in the Second Schedule.

   (2) A person who has been withdrawing water from a water course or from any other source for the purpose of diluting effluent before the commencement of these Regulations shall apply for a licence referred to in sub-regulation (1) to the Inspectorate within thirty days of the commencement of these Regulations.

   (3) The application referred to in sub-regulation (1) shall contain information relating to the amounts of water required, the treatment of effluent and such other information as the Inspector may require.

5.   Licence to discharge effluent

   (1) The Inspectorate shall issue a licence to discharge effluent in Form WP3 of the First Schedule if-

      (a)   satisfied that the application has adequate and appropriate facilities and equipment for pre-treatment and the effluent will not cause significant damage to the environment;

      (b)   the Inspectorate had published its intention to issue the licence by notice in the Gazette, twenty-eight days before the issue of the licence.

   (2) The licence to discharge effluent into the aquatic environment shall-

      (a)   conform to the conditions and standards for chemical and physical parameters contained in the table of standards for effluent and waste water, set out in the Third Schedule;

      (b)   be subject to such other conditions as the Inspectorate may determine; and

      (c)   be valid for thirty-six months and may be renewed for a like period:

Provided that the Inspectorate may limit the validity of the licence for any period less than thirty-six but not less than six months, when necessary.

6.   Licence to withdraw water for treatment of effluent

   (1) The Inspectorate shall issue a licence to withdraw water from a water course or other source for the purpose of diluting effluent in Form WP 4 of the First Schedule if-

      (a)   satisfied that the water being withdrawn from the water course or source would not significantly affect the life of the water course or source;

      (b)   satisfied that the applicant will treat the effluent in a manner that would not have any adverse effect on the aquatic environment;

      (c)   the Inspectorate has published the intention to issue the licence by notice in the Gazette, twenty-eight days before the issue of the licence.

   (2) The licence to withdraw water from a water course or source for the treatment of effluent shall-

      (a)   be subject to such conditions as the Inspectorate may determine; and

      (b)   be valid for thirty-six months and may be renewed for a like period:

Provided that the Inspectorate may limit the validity of the licence for any period less than thirty-six months but not less than six months, when necessary.

7.   Duty to keep records

   (1)   The holder of a licence under these Regulations shall-

      (a)   keep a record of the licensed activities;

      (b)   submit the record referred to in paragraph (a) to the Inspectorate every six months from the commencement of the licensed activities; and

      (c)   report to the Inspectorate any abnormal discharge of effluent.

   (2) The Inspectorate may order the holder of a licence under these Regulations to instal at the expense of the holder of the licence, metering devices and to take samples and analyse them as the Inspectorate may direct.

8.   Sampling of effluent and analysis

An Inspectorate may at any reasonable time enter any premises on which a licensed activity is being conducted and take samples and analyse and examine materials used for the licensed activity.

9.   Register of licences

The Inspectorate shall maintain a register of holders of licences to discharge effluent into the aquatic environment or to withdraw water from a water course or any other source for the purpose of diluting an effluent.

10.   Offences

Any person who-

      (a)   operates or owns a sewage system or an industry or trade which discharges effluent into the aquatic environment without a licence; or

      (b)   withdraws water from a water course for the purpose of diluting effluent without a licence;

shall be guilty of an offence.

11.   Enforcement notice

   (1)    If the Inspectorate has reasonable cause to believe that a person is contravening any of the provisions of these Regulations or any conditions of a licence or is likely to contravene any of the provisions of these Regulations or a condition of the licence, the Inspectorate shall serve an enforcement notice on that person.

   (2)    An enforcement notice shall-

      (a)   state the belief regarding the contravention of the Regulations or a condition of the licence and specify the matter constituting the contravention or making it likely that the contravention will arise, as the case may be;

      (b)   specify the steps that have to be taken to remedy the contravention or avoid the contravention, as the case may be; and

      (c)   specify the time limit within which the steps described under paragraph (b) have to be taken.

12.   Penalties

Any person who contravenes any of the provisions of these Regulations or a condition of the licence after an enforcement notice has been issued under regulation 11-

      (a)   shall have the licence revoked; and

      (b)   shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable upon conviction to a fine not exceeding two thousand penalty units or imprisonment for a period not exceeding three years or to both.

[Am by Act 13 of 1994.]

FIRST SCHEDULE

PRESCRIBED FORMS

[Regulations 3, 4, 5 and 6]

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA

Environmental Council

FORM WP 1

The Water Pollution Control (Effluent and Waste Water) Regulations

APPLICATION TO DISCHARGE EFFLUENT

[Regulation 3]

(To be completed in Triplicate)

To: The Chief Inspector (Pollution Control) Environmental Council

P.O. Box 35131

Lusaka

Name and address of applicant .......................................

Location of Plant/Industry ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Indicate source of raw water (lake, river, well, common pipe) ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Location of raw water (lake, river, etc.) .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Raw water demand..................................................................................... m3/year

....................................................................................................................m3/day max

.................................................................................................................... m3/day min

.....................................................................................................................m3/hour max

Water-meter Yes/No

Raw water treatment methods ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Raw water quality

pH .............................................................................................................................................................

Total dissolved solidss.................................................................................................. mg/L

Total suspended solids .............................................................................................. mg/L

Conductivity ................................................................................................................US/cm

Is part of raw water used to dilute effluent prior to discharge? .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Type of effluent (cooling, process, municipal, etc.)Discharge m3/year minDischarge m3/year maxDischarge m3/year average
......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Point of entry of effluent into water course/aquatic environment ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

WASTE WATER QUALITY

WASTE WATER QUALITY
A.Physical
1.Temperature (Thermometer)...............................................°C
2.Colour (Hazen Units)...............................................Hazen Units
3.Odour and Taste (Threshold odour number)
4.Turbidity (NTU scale)...............................................NTU
5.Total suspended solids(Gravimetric method)...............................................mg/L
6.Settleable matter sedimentation in 2 hours (Imhoff funnel)...............................................mg/L
7.Total Dissolved Solids (Evaporation @ 105 C and Gravimetric method)...............................................mg/L
8.Conductivity (Electrometric method)...............................................µS/cm
B.Bacteriological
9.Total Coliform/100 ml (Membrane Filtration method)
10.Faecal Coliform/100ml (Membrane Filtration method)
11.Algae /100 ml (Colony counter)...............................................cells
C.Chemical
12.pH (0-14 scale) (Electro-metric method)
13.Dissolved oxygen mg Oxygen / Litre (Modified Winkler method and membrane electrode method)...............................................mg/L
14.Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) (Dichromat method)...............................................mg/L
15.Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) (Modified Winkler method and Membrane Electrode method)...............................................mg/L
16.Nitrates (NO3 as nitrogen) (Spectrophotometric method and electrometric method)
...............................................mg/L
17.Nitrite (NO2 as nitrogen/L Spectrophotometric
sulphanilamide)...............................................mg/L
18.Organic Nitrogen (Spectro-photometric method N-Kjeldal)...............................................mg/L
19.Ammonia and Ammonium (Total) (NH3as N/L) (Nesslerization method and Electrometric method)...............................................mg/L
...............................................mg/L
20.Cyanides (Spectrophoto-metric method)...............................................mg/L
21.Phosphorous (Total) (PO4 as P/L) (Colori-metric method)...............................................mg/L
22.Sulphates (Turbidimetric method)...............................................mg/L
23.Sulfite (Iodometric method)...............................................mg/L
24.Sulphide (Iodometric and electrometric method)...............................................mg/L
25.Chlorides CI/L (Silver nitrate and Mercuric nitrate)...............................................mg/L
26.Active chloride Cl2/L (Iodometric method)
27.Active Bromine (Br2/L)...............................................mg/L
28.Fluorides F/L (Electro-metric method and Colori- .metric method with distillation)...............................................mg/L
C.Metals
29.Aluminium compounds (Atomic Absorption method)...............................................mg/L
30.Antimony (Atomic absorption method)...............................................mg/L
31.Arsenic compounds (Atomic Absorption method)...............................................mg/L
32.Barium compounds (water soluble concentration) (Atomic Absorption method)...............................................mg/L
33.Beryllium salts and compounds (Atomic Absorption method)...............................................mg/L
34.Boron compounds (Spectro photometric method- curcumin method)...............................................mg/L
35.Cadmium compounds (Atomic Absorption method)...............................................mg/L
36.Chromium Hexavelant,Trivalent (Atomic absorption method)...............................................mg/L
37.Cobalt compounds (Atomic Absorption method)...............................................mg/L
38.Copper compounds (Atomic Absorption method)...............................................mg/L
39.Iron Compounds (Atomic Absorption method)...............................................mg/L
40.Lead compounds (Atomic Absorption method)...............................................mg/L
41.Magnesium (Atomic Absorption method and flame photometric method)...............................................mg/L
42.Manganese (Atomic Absorp tion method)...............................................mg/L
43.Mercury (Atomic Absorption method)...............................................mg/L
44.Molybdenum (Atomic Absorption method)...............................................mg/L
45.Nickel (Atomic Absorption method)...............................................mg/L
46.Selenium (Atomic Absorption method)...............................................mg/L
47.Silver (Atomic Absorption method)...............................................mg/L
48.Thallium (Atomic Absorption method)...............................................mg/L
49.Tin compounds (Atomic Absorption method)...............................................mg/L
50.Vanadium compounds (Atomic Absorption method)...............................................mg/L
51.Zinc compounds (Atomic Absorption method)...............................................mg/L
D.Organics
52.Total hydrocarbons (Chromatographic method)...............................................mg/L
53.Oils (Mineral and Crude) (Chromatographic method and Gravimetric method)...............................................mg/L
54.Phenols (steam distillable) (Non-steam distilled) (Colorimetric method)...............................................mg/L
55.Fats and saponifiable oils (Gravimetric method and chromatographic method)...............................................mg/L
56.Detergents (Atomic) (Atomic Absorption Spectrophometric)...............................................mg/L
57.Pesticides and PCB's (Total) (Chromatographic method)...............................................mg/L
58.Trihaloforms (Chromatographic)...............................................mg/L
E.Radioactive Materials
59.Radioactive materials specified by International accepted Atomic Energy AgencyNo discharge acceptedNot permitted

Other specify ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Type of waste water treatment facilities (settling, filtering, chemical) ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Treatment efficiency %suspended solidsBODCODphosphate
No. 1 Method
No. 2 Method
No. 3 Method

Any other information ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Date....................................................

..................................................

Signature

Designation/Title ..................................................

FOR OFFICE USE ONLY

Application received ...........................................................

Fee paid ..................................................................................

.....................................................

Chief Inspector (Pollution Control)

Environmental Council Inspectorate

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA

Environmental Council

FORM WP 2

The Water Pollution Control (Effluent and Waste Water) Regulations

APPLICATION TO WITHDRAW WATER FOR TREATMENT OF EFFLUENT

[Regulation 4]

(To be completed in Triplicate)

To: The Chief Inspector (Pollution Control) Environmental Council

P.O. Box 35131

Lusaka

Name and Address of applicant ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Location of plant/industry .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Location of raw water (lake, river, etc.) ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Raw water demand ................................................................................... m3/year

.................................................................................................................. m3/day max

................................................................................................................. m3/day min

................................................................................................................. m3/hour max

Water-meter Yes/No

Raw water treatment methods .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Raw water quality

PH ..............................................................................................................................................................

Total dissolved solids   ........................................................................... mg/L

Total suspended solids ......................................................................... mg/L

Conductivity ...........................................................................................US/cm

Type of Effluent (cooling, process municipal, etc.)Discharge m3/day minDischarge m3/day maxDischarge average
................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Point of entry of effluent into watercourse/aquatic environment .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

WASTE WATER QUALITY

A.

Physical

1.

Temperature (Thermometer)

....................................°C

2.

Colour (Hazen Units)

..........................Hazen Units

3.

Odour and Taste (Threshold odour number)

4.

Turbidity (NTU scale)

................................NTU

5.

Total suspended solids(Gravimetric method)

................................mg/L

6.

Settleable matter sedimentation in 2 hours (Imhoff funnel)

...............................mg/L

7.

Total Dissolved Solids (Evaporation @ 105 C and Gravimetric method)

.................................mg/L

8.

Conductivity (Electrometric method)

...............................µS/cm

B.

Bacteriological

9.

Total Coliform/100 ml (Membrane Filtration method)

10.

Faecal Coliform/100ml (Membrane Filtration method)

11.

Algae /100 ml (Colony counter)

...............................cells

C.

Chemical

12.

pH (0-14 scale) (Electro-metric method)

13.

Dissolved oxygen mg Oxygen / Litre (Modified Winkler method and membrane electrode method)

...............................mg/L

14.

Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) (Dichromat method)

...............................mg/L

15.

Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) (Modified Winkler method and Membrane Electrode method)

...............................mg/L

16.

Nitrates (NO3 as nitrogen) (Spectrophotometric method and electrometric method)

...............................mg/L

17.

Nitrite (NO2 as nitrogen/L Spectrophotometric sulphanilamide)

...............................mg/L

18.

Organic Nitrogen (Spectro-photometric method N- Kjeldal)

...............................mg/L

19.

Ammonia and Ammonium (Total) (NH3as N/L) (Nesslerization method and Electrometric method)

...............................mg/L
...............................mg/L

20.

Cyanides (Spectrophoto-metric method)

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