CHAPTER 233 - PLANT PESTS AND DISEASES ACT: SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION

INDEX TO SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION

Plant Pests and Diseases (Pests and Alternate Hosts) Order

Plant Pests and Diseases (Pest Control) Regulations

Plant Pests and Diseases (Coffee) Regulations

Plant Pests and Diseases (Cotton) Regulations

Plant Pests and Diseases (Importation) Regulations

Plant Pests and Diseases (Kromnek) Regulations

Plant Pests and Diseases (Nursery) Regulations

Plant Pests and Diseases (Larger Grain Borer Infested Areas)(Declaration) Order, 1996

Plant Pests and Diseases (Pests and Alternate Hosts) Order, 1996

Plant Pests and Diseases (Fumigation) Regulations, 2001

PLANT PESTS AND DISEASES (PESTS AND ALTERNATE HOSTS) ORDER

[Section 2 (2)]

Arrangement of Orders

   Order

   1.   Title

   2.   Declaration of pests

   3.   Declaration of pests of living tobacco

   4.   Declaration of pests of cured tobacco

   5.   Declaration of pests of cotton

   6.   Declaration of pests of nursery stock

   7.   Declaration of pests of coffee

   8.   Declaration of pests of unmanufactured plant products

   9.   Declaration of alternate hosts

      SCHEDULE

GN 325 of 1958,

GN 87 of 1962,

GN 198 of 1963.

[Order by the Minister]

1.   Title

This Order may be cited as the Plant Pests and Diseases (Pests and Alternate Hosts) Order.

2.   Declaration of pests

The following injurious organisms are declared to be pests with a view to their control and the prevention of their spread:

Anthraenose of tobacco

Colletotrichum tabacum Bšning

Bacterial blight of grapes

Erwinia vitivora (Baccarini) Du Plessis

Bacterial blight of peas

Pseudomonas syringae pr pisi

Bacterial canker of tomato

Corynebacterium michiganense (E.F.S.) Jensen sub sp.michinganensis

Bacterial ring-rot of potato Corynebacterium michinganensis sp. sepedonicum (Spieck & Kotth.) Slaptason & Burkholder

Bacterial streak of sugar cane

Xanthomonas albilineans (Ashby) Downson

Blister blight of tea

Exobasidium vexans Massee

Blue mould of tobacco

Peronospora hyoscyamia Adam

Cercospora leaf spot of banana

Mycosphaerella figiansis Leach

Cereal foot rots

Helminthosporium spp.

Chestnut canker

Cryphonectria parasitica (Murr.) Anderson & Anderson

Chlorotic streak virus of sugar cane

Citrus black fly

Aleurocanthus woglumi Ashby

Citrus black spot

Guignardia citricarpa Kiely

Citrus canker

Xanthomonas campestris pr citri (Hasse) Dowson

Crown gall

Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Smith & Townsend) Conn.

Crown wart of lucerne

Urophlyctics alfalfae (Lagerh.) Magnus

Dodder

Cusucuta spp.

Dutch elm disease

Ceratocystis ulmi (Buism.) C. Moreau

Ergot of rye

Claviceps purpurea Fr. (Tul.)

Fiji disease virus of sugar cane

Sugar cane fiji disease-fiji virus 2. Smith

Fireblight

Erwinia amylovora (Burrill) Winslow et al.

Internal cork virus disease of sweet potato

Lucerne wilt

Clavibacter muchiga nensis sp. insidirsum (McCulloch)Jensen

Onion smut

Urocystis cepulae Frost

Banana panama disease

Fusarium oxysporum f. cubense (E.F.S.) Synder & Hansen

Pierce’s disease of the grape

Xylella fastidiosa virus 3. Smith (lucerne dwarf virus)

Rose mosaic virus

Rosa virus 1. Smith

Rose streak virus

Rosa virus 4. Smith

Rose wilt

Rose wilt disease 3. Smith

Stewart’s disease of maize

Erwinia stewartii (E.F.S.) Dowson

Strawberry red core

Phytophthora vas fragariae Hickman

Tomato spotted wilt virus (kromnek)

Lycopersicum virus 3. Smith

Wart disease of potato

Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb.) Percival

Potato root eelworm (golden nematode)

Globodera rostochiensis Wollenw.

Root knot eelworm

Meloidogyne spp.

Stem and bulb eelworm

Ditylenchus dipsaci (K_hn)

American bollworm

Helico verpa armigera HŸbn.

Apple codling moth

Cydia pomonella (L.)

Cereal midges

Contarinia spp. and Sitodiplosis spp.

Cherry fruit-fly

Rhagoletis cerasi (L.)

Chrysanthemum midge

Diarthronomyia chrysanthemi Ahlb.

Coffee berry borer

Hypothenemus hampei Ferr.

Colorado beetle

Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say)

Dry wood termite

Cryptotermes brevis (Wlk.)

European house-borer

Hylotrupes bajulus (L.)

Japanese beetle

Popillia japonica Newm.

Oriental fruit-fly

Bactrocera dorsalis

Oriental fruit-moth

Cydia molesta Busck.

Pink bollworm

Pectinophora gossypiella (Saund.)

Red scale

Aonidiella aurantii Mask.

San José Scale

Quadraspidiotus perniciosus (Comst.)

Tobacco moth

Ephestia elutella Walk.

Tobacco vein-browning virus and Schmelz

Marmor upsilon Holmes var. costaenecans Klink.

Woolly aphis (American blight)

Eriosoma lanigerum (Hsm.)

African migratory locust

Locusta migratoria migratorioides Rch. & Frm.

Red locust

Nomadacris septemfasciata (Serv.)

[Am by GN 87 of 1962 and GN 198 of 1963.]

3.   Declaration of pests of living tobacco

The following injurious organisms are declared to be pests in respect of living tobacco with a view to their control and the prevention of their spread:

Tobacco leaf curl

Tobacco strear ilar virus

Tobacco rosette

Tobacco white fly

Bemisia tabaciGennadius

4.   Declaration of pests of cured tobacco

The following injurious organisms are declared to be pests in respect of cured tobacco with a view to their control and the prevention of their spread:

Cigarette beetle

Lasioderma serricorne(F.)

Tobacco moth

Ephestia elutellaWalk.

5.   Declaration of pests of cotton

The following injurious organisms are declared to be pests in respect of cotton with a view to their control and the prevention of their spread:

Cotton jassid

Jacobiasea lybica (de Besgerin)

Cotton stainers

Dysdercus facilioctus

Red bollworm

Diparopsis castanea Hmps.

6.   Declaration of pests of nursery stock

The following injurious organisms are declared to be pests of nursery stock with a view to their control and the prevention of their spread:

Circular purple scale

Chrysomphalus ficus Ashm.

Egyptian black scale

Chrysomphalus aonidum (L.)

False circular purple scale

Chrysomphalus pinnulifera diversicolor Green

False red scale (Spanish red scale)

Chrysomphalus dictyospermi Morg.

Large red scale

Selenaspidus silvaticus Lind.

Long scale

Lepidosaphes gloverii (Pack.) Kirk.

Oleander scale

Aspidiotus hederae (Nal.) Sign.

Purple scale (mussel scale)

Lepidosaphes beckii (Pack.) Kirk.

Ross’s black scale

Chrysomphalus rossi Mask.

White peach scale

Aulacaspis pentagona (Targ.)

Woolly aphis (American blight)

Erisoma pemphigidae (Hsm.)

7.   Declaration of pests of coffee

The following injurious organisms are declared to be pests of coffee with a view to their control and the prevention of their spread:

Coffee berry borer

Hypothenemus hampi Ferr.

Coffee bug

Antestiopsis orbitalis Stal

Kenya mealy bug

Planococcus kenyae le Pelley

8.   Declaration of pests of unmanufactured plant products

The following injurious organisms are declared to be pests of unmanufactured plant products with a view to their control and the prevention of their spread:

Firebrat

Thermobia domestica (Packard)

Silverfish

Lepisma saccharina L.

American cockroach

Periplaneta americana (L.)

Common cockroach

Blatta orientalis L.

German cockroach

Blatella germanica (L.)

Angoumois grain moth

Sitotroga cerealella (01.)

Brown house moth

Hofmannophila pseudospretella (Stnt.)

Carpet moth

Trichophaga tapetzella (L.)

Case-making clothes moth

Tinea pellionella (L.) Tinea columbariella Wocke

Clothes moth

Tineola bisselliella (Humm.)

Corn moth

Tinea granella (L.)

Dried-current moth

Cadra cautella (Wlk.)

Indian meal moth

Plodia interpunctella (Hb.)

Lesser wax moth

Achroia grisella (F.)

Mediterranean flour moth

Anagasta kuehniella (Zell.)

Raisin moth

Cadra figulilella (Gregson)

Rice moth

Corcyra cephalonica (Stnt.)

Tapestry moth

Trichophaga tapetzella (L.)

Wax moth

Galleria mellonella (L.)

African spider beetle

Stethomezium squamosum Hinton Mesium affine Boield.

American seed beetle

Acanthoscelides obtectus (Say)

Australian carpet beetle

Anthrenocerus australis (Hope)

Australian spider beetle

Ptinus tectus Boield.Ptinus sexpunctatus Panz.

Bacon beetle

Dermestes lardarius (L.)

Biscuit beetle

Stegobium paniceum (L.) Dorcatoma bibliophagum Magalh.

Black carpet beetle

Attagenus megatoma (F.)

Black fungus beetle

Alphitobius laevigatus (F.)

Broad-horned flour beetle

Gnathocerus cornutus (F.) Gnathocerus maxillosus (F.)

Cadelle

Tenebroides mauritanicus (L.)

Confused flour beetle

Tribolium confusum Duv.

Copra beetle

Necrobia rufipes (Deg.)

Corn sap beetle

Carpophilus dimidiatus (F.) Carpophilus ligneus Murray

Cowpea beetle

Callosobruchus chinensis (L.) Callosobruchus analis (F.)

Dark flour beetle

Tribolium destrutor Uytt.

Dark mealworm

Tenebrio obscurus (F.)

Depressed flour beetle

Palorus subdepressus (Woll.)

Dried fruit beetle

Carpophilus hemipterus (L.)

Flat grain beetle

Cryptolestes pusillus (01.)

Foreign grain beetle

Ahasverus advena (Waltl.)

Fur beetle

Attagenus pellio (L.)

Furniture carpet beetle

Anthrenus vorax Waterh.

Globular spider beetle

Trigonogenius globulus Sol.

Golden spider beetle

Niptus hololeucus (Fald.)

Groundnut beetle

Caryedon fuscus (Goeze)

Hide beetle

Dermestes frischii Kug.

Hump spider beetle

Gibbium psylloides (Czenp.)

Japanese spider beetle

Pseudeurostus hilleri (Rter.)

Khapra beetle

Trogoderma granarium Everts

Larger cabinet beetle

Trogoderma versicolor (Creutz.)

Leather beetle

Dermestes maculatus Deg.

Lesser grain borer

Rhizopertha dominica (F.)

Lesser mealworm

Alphitobius diaperinus (Panz.)

Long-headed flour beetle

Latheticus oryzae Waterh.

Merchant grain beetle

Oryzaephilus mercator (Fauv.)

Red rust grain beetle

Cryptolestes ferrugineus (Steph.)

Cryptolestes pusilloides (Steel & Howe)

Cryptolestes turcicus (Grouv.)

Rust-red flour beetle

Tribolium castaneum (Hbst.)

Saw-toothed grain beetle

Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.)

Small-eyed flour beetle

Palorus ratzeburgi (Wizzm.)

Varied carpet beetle

Anthrenus verbasci (L.)

White-marked spider beetle

Ptinus fur (L.)

Yellow mealworm

Tenebrio molitor L.

Broad-nosed grain weevil

Caulophilus latinasus (Say)

Cacao weevil

Araecerus fasciculatus (Deg.)

Grain weevil

Sitophilus granarius (L.)

Rice weevil

Sitophilus oryzae (L.)

[FGN 87 of 1962]

9.   Declaration of alternate hosts

The plants specified in the first column of the Schedule are declared to be alternate hosts of the pests specified opposite thereto in the second column of the Schedule.

[Am by GN 87 of 1962.]

SCHEDULE

[Paragraph 9]

ALTERNATE HOSTS

Plants

Pests

Abelmoschus esculentus

(L.) Moench

Pink bollworm

Dahlia spp.

Kromnek

(lycopersicum virus 3. Smith)

Hibiscus dongolensis Del.

Pink bollworm

[Am by GN 87 of 1962.]

PLANT PESTS AND DISEASES (PEST CONTROL) REGULATIONS

[Section 4]

Arrangement of Regulations

   Regulation

   1.   Title

   2.   Interpretation

   3.   Destruction of infested plants

   4.   Declaration by Minister of infested or quarantine areas

   5.   Declaration by inspector of infested areas

   6.   Destruction of plants in infested or quarantine areas

   7.   Duty to furnish information

      SCHEDULE

GN 331 of 1958,

GN 90 of 1964,

SI 165 of 1996.

[Regulations by the Minister]

1.   Title

These Regulations may be cited as the Plant Pests and Diseases (Pest Control) Regulations.

2.   Interpretation

In these Regulations—

“scheduled pest”means a pest listed in the Schedule.

3.   Destruction of infested plants

   (1)   An inspector may destroy or order by notice in writing the destruction of any plant, or such portion thereof as he considers necessary, which is infested or appears to be infested with a scheduled pest.

   (2)   In ordering the destruction of a plant or any portion thereof in terms of sub-regulation (1), the inspector may specify the manner in which the plant or portion thereof is to be destroyed.

4.   Declaration by Minister of infested or quarantine areas

   (1)   The Minister may, by order—

      (a)   declare an area infested with a scheduled pest as an infested area and any area around such infested area as a quarantine area;

      (b)   prohibit, restrict or regulate the removal of any compost, growing media, manure, plants and other things whatsoever to or from an infested or quarantine area.

   (2)   The Minister may exempt, subject to such conditions as he may specify, any person from complying with any order made in terms of paragraph (b) of sub-regulation (1).

5.   Declaration by inspector of infested areas

An inspector may, if he reasonably suspects the presence of a scheduled pest on land or in premises—

      (a)   declare the area in which the land or premises is situate an infested area;

      (b)   by order, prohibit for a period not exceeding fourteen days, the removal from the land or premises of compost, growing media, manure, plants and other things whatsoever capable of spreading the pest.

6.   Destruction of plants in infested or quarantine areas

An inspector may by notice in writing order the owner of any land within an infested or quarantine area to destroy any plant on such land for the purpose of controlling attacks by or the spread of a scheduled pest.

7.   Duty to furnish information

An owner of land who knows or has reason to believe that a scheduled pest is present on his land shall immediately report the occurrence in writing to an inspector.

SCHEDULE

[Sch subs by reg 2 of SI 165 of 1996.]

[Regulation 2]

SCHEDULED PESTS

A1. Bacterial blight of grapes

Erwinia vitivora (Baccarini)

A2. Bacterial canker of tomato

Clavibacter michiganensis subsp.

A1. Bacterial ring-rot potato

michiganensis (E.F.S.)

A1. Bacterial streak of sugar cane

Jensen

A1. Blister blight of tea

Corynebacterium

A1. Blue mould of tobacco

Michiganensis subsp.

A1. Chestnut canker

Sepedonicum (Spleck and Kotth.) Skaptason and Burkholder

A1. Sugar cane chlorotic streak Virus

Xanthomonas camperstris

A2. Citrus black spot

pv veculorum

A1. Citrus canker

(Ashby) Dowson

A1. Crown wart of Lucerne

Exobasidium vexans

A1. Dutch elm disease

Massee

A1. Fiji virus of sugar cane

Peronospora tabacina

A1. Fireblight

Adam

A1. Sweet potato internal cork virus disease

Endothia parasitica (Murr.)

A1. Lucerne wilt

Anderson and Anderson

A1. Onion smut

Sugar cane virus

A1. Lucerne dwarf virus

Guignardia citricarpa Klely

A1. Stewart’s disease of maize

Xanthomonas campestris

A1. Strawberry red core

pv citri (Hasse) Down

A1. Tomato spotted wilt virus

Urophlyctis alfalfae

A1. Wart disease of potato

(Lagerh.) Magnus

A1. Golden cyst nematode

Opiostoma ulmi (Buism.)

A1. Stem and bulb nematode

Moreau

A2. Cereal midges

Sugar cane virus 2. Smith

A1. Cherry fruit fly

Erwinia amylovora

A1. Chrysanthemum mide

(Burrill) Winslow et. al.

A1. Coffee berry borer

Sweet potato virus

A1. Colorodo beetle

Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. insidiosum

A1. Japanese beetle

(McDulloch) Jensen

A2. Oriental fruit-moth

Urocystis cepulae Frost

A1. Oriental fruit-moth

Lucerne virus 3. Smith

A2. Pink bollworm

Erwinia stewartii (E.F.S) Down

A1. San Jose scale

Phytophthora fragariae var. frageriae

A3. Diamond-back moth

Hickman

A2. Larger grain borer

Tomato virus 3. Smith

A2. Eucalyptus borer

Snchytrium endobioticum

A2. Luecaena psyllid

(Schiib) Percival

Globodera rostochiensis

Wollenw

Ditlenchus dipsaci

Contarinia spp. And

Sitodiplosis spp.

Rhagoletis cerasi (L.)

Diarthronomyia

Chrysanthemi Ahlb.

Hypothenemus hampei

(Ferr.)

Leptinotarsa decemlineata

(Say)

Popillia japonica Newm.

Docus dorsalis Hend.

Cydia molesta Busck.

Pectinophora gossypiella

(Saund.)

Quadraspidiotus

Perniciosus (Comst.)

Plutella xylostella (L.)

Prostephanus truncates

Horn

Phoracantha semipunctata

Heteropsylla cubana

NOTE:

A1. = Dangerous pests which have not been introduced into the country, and have a

high epidemic potential.

A2. = Dangerous pests which have been introduced in the country but in restricted

Areas and have a moderate epidemic potential.

A3. = Pests which are common or wide spread in the country and need to be

controlled by in-country quarantine.

PLANT PESTS AND DISEASES (COFFEE) REGULATIONS

[Section 29]

Arrangement of Regulations

   Regulation

   1.   Title

   2.   Interpretation

   3.   Sale or removal of infested plants

   4.   Reporting of infestation

   5.   Orders to eradicate pests from plantations

   6.   Destruction of infested plants

   7.   Supervision of plantations

   8.   Duty to furnish information

GN 330 of 1958,

GN 90 of 1964,

SI 150 of 1996.

[Regulations of the Minister]

1.   Title

These Regulations may be cited as the Plant Pests and Diseases (Coffee) Regulations.

2.   Interpretation

In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires—

“borer”means the coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei);

[Subs by reg 2 of SI 150 of 1996.]

“coffee”means any species of the genus Coffea;

“plantation”includes any land on which a coffee plant is growing, whether the land is used solely as a coffee plantation or not;

“sell”includes to offer or expose for sale.

3.   Sale or removal of infested plants

No person shall—

      (a)   sell or cause or permit to be sold;

      (b)   remove or cause or permit the removal of from his premises; or

      (c)   transport or cause or permit the transportation of;

any coffee plant infested or appearing to be infested with borer, unless he has written permission from an inspector to do so.

4.   Reporting of infestation

The owner of a plantation who knows or has reason to believe that any coffee plant on his land is infested with a pest of coffee shall immediately report the infestation in writing to an inspector.

5.   Orders to eradicate pests from plantations

An inspector may by notice in writing order the owner of a plantation which is infested with a pest of coffee, to—

      (a)      destroy, by burning or by any other method specified by the inspector, all or any coffee plants on the plantation;

      (b)      spray, fumigate or otherwise treat all or any coffee plants on the plantation;

      (c)      take such other steps as the inspector may consider necessary for the purpose of controlling attacks by or the spread of the pest.

6.   Destruction of infested plants

An inspector may destroy or order in writing the destruction of any plant infested or appearing to be infested with a pest of coffee.

7.   Supervision of plantations

   (1)   The owner of a plantation shall not leave his plantation without that supervision necessary for—

      (a)   the detection of any infestation by a pest of coffee; and

      (b)   the carrying out of any measures required by or in terms of these Regulations.

   (2)   If, in the opinion of an inspector, a plantation is habitually left without that supervision required by subregulation (1) he may, subject to the provisions of sub-regulation (3), by notice in writing order the owner of the plantation to destroy all coffee plants on that plantation.

   (3)   An inspector shall not order the destruction of a coffee plant in terms of sub-regulation (2) unless authorised to do so by the Permanent Secretary.

[Am by GN 90 of 1964.]

8.   Duty to furnish information

Every person who has had in possession or under his charge any coffee infested with borer shall, if so required in writing by an inspector, give the inspector all such information as he possesses as to the person in whose possession or under whose charge such coffee is or has been.

PLANT PESTS AND DISEASES (COTTON) REGULATIONS

[Section 31]

Arrangement of Regulations

   Regulation

   1.   Title

   2.   Interpretation

   3.   Cotton lands to be cleared annually

   4.   Exemptions

GN 84 of 1960,

GN 90 of 1964.

[Regulations by the Minister]

1.   Title

These Regulations may be cited as the Plant Pests and Diseases (Cotton) Regulations.

2.   Interpretation

In these Regulations—

“cotton”means the linted species of the genus Gossypium.

3.   Cotton lands to be cleared annually

   (1)   Subject to the provisions of regulation 4, an owner of land cultivated for the production of cotton shall destroy all cotton plants on his land—

      (a)   on or before the 1st August in each year if that land is situated in an infested area or in a quarantine area;

      (b)   on or before the 1st October in each year if that land is situated outside an infested area or a quarantine area.

   (2)   Subject to the provisions of regulation 4, an owner of land in an infested area or in a quarantine area shall not plant cotton on such land before the 1st October in any year.

[Am by GN 90 of 1964.]

4.   Exemptions

The Minister may, upon receipt of a written application, exempt, subject to such conditions as he may specify, any person or class of persons from complying with the provisions of sub-regulation (1) or (2) or both sub-regulations of regulation 3.

PLANT PESTS AND DISEASES (IMPORTATION) REGULATIONS

[Section 31]

Arrangement of Regulations

   Regulation

   1.   Title

   2.   Interpretation

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