LANDS AND DEEDS REGISTRY ACT
Arrangement of Sections
1. Short title
REGISTRATION OF DOCUMENTS
3. Establishment and constitution of Registry of Deeds
4. Documents required to be registered
5. Times within which registration must be effected
6. Documents to be void for want of registration
7. Priority of documents and date of registration
8. Optional registration of documents not required to be registered
9. Registers to be kept
10. Miscellaneous Register, contents of
11. Correction of errors or omissions in Registers
12. Documents to refer to diagram, plan or description
13. Identity of person presenting document for registration
14. Registrar to be satisfied that all duties have been paid
15. Registration of notarially certified copies
16. Details of registration
17. Copies to be filed consecutively
18. Memorandum of registration to be endorsed on original
19. Evasion of duty by understatement of consideration
20. Translations, if not in English language
21. Registration not to cure defects
22. Registry open for search
23. Official certificates of search Requisition
24. Indemnity to officers of Registry
25. Admissibility in evidence of certified copies
26. Procedure to be adopted when certified copy is tendered in evidence
27. Application of Bills of Sale Acts
28. Concessions by chiefs unaffected
PROVISIONAL CERTIFICATES AND CERTIFICATES OF TITLE
29. Certificate of Title required before registration
30. Who may obtain Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title
31. Tenants for life and tenants in tail
32. Effect of issue of Provisional Certificate
33. Effect of issue of Certificate of Title
34. Restriction on ejectment after issue of Certificate of Title
35. Protection against adverse possession
36. Application for Provisional Certificate
37. Formalities of application
38. Procedure upon application
39. Issue of Provisional Certificate
40. Minister may prescribe different procedure when Registrar is not a barrister or solicitor
41. Disposal of objections to issue of Provisional Certificate
42. Certificate of Title to issue on original State Grant
43. Certificate of Title may be issued six years from Provisional Certificate
44. Procedure on application for Certificate of Title
45. Issue of Certificate of Title
46. Disposal of objections to issue of Certificate of Title
47. Interests outstanding at time of issue of Certificate
48. Existing encumbrances to be noted on Certificate
49. Certificate: how to be dated
50. How memorial of easement to be recorded
51. Joint tenants and tenants in common
52. Issue of Certificate of Title may be withheld for fourteen days in certain cases
53. Certificate not to be void though issued in name of person deceased
54. Certificate to be evidence of proprietorship
55. Proprietor may claim single Certificate in place of several
56. Declaration may be made in case of loss of original Certificate
57. Issue of Certificate on sale for non-payment of rates
TRANSFER AND TRANSMISSION OF REGISTERED LAND
58. Purchaser from Registered Proprietor not to be affected by notice
59. No liability on bona fide purchaser or mortgagee
60. Creation of various estates
61. Transfer by Registered Proprietor
62. Implied covenant in transfer of equity of redemption
63. Memorandum of order of court or land tribunal vesting estate or interest to be entered on Register
64. Charge in assent
65. Mortgage to take effect as security
66. Power of sale
67. Discharge of mortgage: how effected
68. Persons claiming under transmission may apply to have same registered
69. Procedure on application for transmission
70. Caveat may be entered on behalf of beneficiaries under any will or settlement
71. Disclaimer of lease on bankruptcy of lessee
72. Entry to operate as transfer on sale or surrender
73. No entry of disclaimer except with leave of Court or land tribunal
74. No entry of trusts to be made on Register except those specially authorised
75. Vesting in new trustees
76. Caveat against dealing with land
77. Particulars to be stated in caveat
78. Service of notices as to caveats
79. Effect of caveat against dealings
80. Notice of caveat to be given to persons affected
81. Procedure for removal of caveat
82. Person entering caveat without cause liable for damages
83. Caveat may be withdrawn
84. Registrar may require production of instruments
85. Penalty for failure to produce instruments when required by Registrar
86. Public rights of way
87. Appeal to Court or land tribunal from decision of Registrar
88. Registrar may submit special case
89. Procedure on appeals
90. Penalty for unqualified person acting
91. Mining rights
to provide for the registration of documents; to provide for the issue of Provisional Certificates of Title and Certificates of Title; to provide for the transfer and transmission of registered land; and to provide for matters incidental to or connected with the foregoing.
[Parts I (sections 1 and 2 (b), (c), (f), (j), (n), (o) and (p)) and II-1st November, 1914.]
[Parts I (section 2 (a), (d), (e), (g), (h), (i), (k), (l), and (m)) and III-VII-1st May, 1944.]
Act 15 of 1914,
Act 1 of 1925,
Act 5 of 1926,
Act 7 of 1937,
Act 5 of 1943,
Act 53 of 1950,
Act 50 of 1951,
Act 17 of 1954,
Act 20 of 1957,
Act 31 of 1958,
Act 25 of 1959,
Act 9 of 1967,
Act 46 of 1969,
Act 47 of 1970,
Act 13 of 1994,
Act 38 of 1994,
Act 40 of 2010,
GN 274 of 1964,
SI 65 of 1965.
This Act may be cited as the Lands and Deeds Registry Act.
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—
“Certificate of Title” means a certificate of title to land issued in accordance with the provisions of Parts III to VII;
“Common Leaseholds Register” means the register referred to in paragraph (b) of section 9;
“common leasehold scheme” has the same meaning as in the Common Leasehold Schemes Act;
“Court” means the High Court;
“land” means land within Zambia, and includes units and remainders under common leasehold schemes, tenements and hereditaments, but does not include any mining right as defined in the Mines and Minerals Act in or under or in respect of any land;
“Lands Register” means the register referred to in paragraph (a) of section 9;
"Lands Tribunal" means the Lands Tribunal referred to under section three of the Lands Tribunal Act, 2010;
[Ins by s 2 of Act 40 of 2010.]
“lease” means any lease other than a State Lease;
“Miscellaneous Register” means the register referred to in paragraph (c) of section 9;
“mortgage” includes a deposit of title deeds or documents with the object of creating an equitable mortgage on the property comprised in such deeds or documents and any charge;
“probate of a will” includes letters of administration with or without will annexed;
“Provisional Certificate” means a provisional certificate of title to land issued in accordance with the provisions of Parts III to VII;
“Register” means the Township Lands Register or the Lands Register, as the context may require;
“Registered Proprietor” means a person to whom a Certificate of Title or a Provisional Certificate has been issued;
“Registrar” means a person appointed under section 3;
“State Land” means land included within State Lands as defined in the Orders dealing with State Lands;
“State Lease” means a lease of State Land and includes any lease granted before the 24th October, 1964, by the Crown;
“sub-mortgage” means a mortgage by a mortgagee of rights held by him under a mortgage;
“Surveyor-General” includes a Deputy Surveyor-General and any Land Surveyor employed in the office of the Surveyor-General who may be deputed by the Surveyor-General to do any act or thing which may lawfully be done by the Surveyor-General under Part II;
“testator” includes a person dying intestate;
“will” includes codicil.
[S 2 am by Act 17 of 1954, 20 of 1957; SI 65 of 1965; Act 38 of 1994.]
REGISTRATION OF DOCUMENTS
(1) For the registration of documents required or permitted by this Part or any other Act or by any law to be registered, there shall be an office styled the Registry of Deeds (hereinafter termed “the Registry”) in Lusaka, and the Minister may from time to time direct, by Gazette notice, that there shall be a District Registry of Deeds (hereinafter termed a “District Registry”) in such place as shall be in such notice mentioned for any district to be thereby defined.
(2) The registration of documents shall be performed by a Registrar appointed under this section.
(3) There shall be appointed to the Registry a Chief Registrar and to each District Registry a District Registrar or Provincial Registrar.
(4) There may be appointed to the Registry or a District Registry Principal Registrars, Senior Registrars, Senior Assistant Registrars, and Assistant Registrars.
(5) There may be appointed from time to time persons to discharge temporarily the functions and duties of a Registrar.
(6) Until such time as the duties mentioned in sub-section (2) of any officer appointed thereunder shall require that the whole of his time shall be devoted to such duties, the Minister may assign to him duties other than those connected with the Registry or a District Registry.
[S 3 am by GN 274 of 1964; SI 65 of 1965; Act 38 of 1994.]
(1) Every document purporting to grant, convey or transfer land or any interest in land, or to be a lease or agreement for lease or permit of occupation of land for a longer term than one year, or to create any charge upon land, whether by way of mortgage or otherwise, or which evidences the satisfaction of any mortgage or charge, and all bills of sale of personal property whereof the grantor remains in apparent possession, unless already registered pursuant to the provisions of “The North-Eastern Rhodesia Lands and Deeds Registration Regulations, 1905” or “The North-Western Rhodesia Lands and Deeds Registry Proclamation, 1910”, must be registered within the times hereinafter specified in the Registry or in a District Registry if eligible for registration in such District Registry:
Provided that if a document creating a floating charge upon land has been registered under the provisions of section 99 of the Companies Act or section 32 of the Co-operative Societies Act, it need not be registered under the provisions of this Part unless and until such charge has crystallised or become fixed.
(2) Any document required or permitted to be registered affecting land, persons, property or rights in any district for which a District Registry has been appointed may be registered either in such District Registry or in the Registry.
(3) Upon application to register any document affecting land required to be registered as aforesaid—
(a) The Registrar may order that any document necessary for deducing the title of the applicant for registration to the land thereby affected or any interest therein (hereinafter referred to as a “document necessary to deduce title”), although it may not be a document required to be registered as aforesaid, shall first be produced or its absence satisfactorily accounted for, and if such document necessary to deduce title, being a document required to be registered pursuant to the provisions of this Part or of “The North-Eastern Rhodesia Lands and Deeds Registration Regulations, 1905” or “The North-Western Rhodesia Lands and Deeds Registry Proclamation, 1910”, shall not have been registered as so required by one or other of these laws, the Registrar may order that the same be first registered under this Part, unless such document necessary to deduce title is void in consequence of non-registration as hereinafter provided, in which case the Registrar shall not register the document tendered for registration unless ordered so to do by the Court or land tribunal.
[S 4(3)(a) am by s 5 of Act 40 of 2010.]
(b) If any person has in his possession or custody any document or evidence of title affecting the same land to the production of which the applicant or any trustee for him is entitled, the Registrar may order such person to produce the same within a time to be fixed by him at the expense of the applicant for registration and may at the expense of such applicant deal with the same as provided in paragraph (a).
(c) Any person aggrieved by any order of the Registrar under this sub-section may appeal to the Court or land tribunal which may annul or confirm the order of the Registrar with or without modification.
(d) If any person disobeys the order of the Registrar made in pursuance of paragraph (b), the Registrar may certify such disobedience to the Court or land tribunal and thereupon such person, subject to such right of appeal as aforesaid, may be punished by the Court or land tribunal in the same manner in all respects as if the order made by the Registrar were the order of the Court or land tribunal.
[S 4 am by Act 5 of 1943, 50 of 1951, 25 of 1959, 38 of 1994.]
(1) All bills of sale must be registered within three months of the execution of the same.
(2) All other documents, except probate of a will, required to be registered as aforesaid shall be registered—
(a) in the case of a document executed at the place where it is registered, within thirty days from its date;
(b) in the case of a document executed elsewhere in Zambia, within ninety days from its date;
(c) in the case of a document executed out of Zambia, within one year from its date.
(3) Probate of a will affecting land or any interest in land shall be registered within twelve months of the grant thereof or the sealing thereof under the provisions of the Probates (Resealing) Act, as the case may be.
[S 5 am by Act 5 of 1943, SI 65 of 1965; Act 47 of 1970.]
Any document required to be registered as aforesaid and not registered within the time specified in the last preceding section shall be null and void:
(i) the Court or land tribunal may extend the time within which such document must be registered, or authorise its registration after the expiration of such period on such terms as to costs and otherwise as it shall think fit, if satisfied that the failure to register was unavoidable, or that there are any special circumstances which afford ground for giving relief from the results of such failure, and that no injustice will be caused by allowing registration;
(ii) the probate of a will required to be registered as aforesaid, and not registered within the time specified in the last preceding section, shall be null and void so far only as such will affects land or any interest in land.
(1) All documents required to be registered as aforesaid shall have priority according to date of registration; notice of a prior unregistered document required to be registered as aforesaid shall be disregarded in the absence of actual fraud.
(2) The date of registration shall be the date upon which the document shall first be lodged for registration in the Registry or, where registration is permitted in a District Registry, in such District Registry.
At the option and upon the application of any person interested thereunder, any document affecting land which is not required to be registered pursuant to the provisions of sub-section (1) of section 4 may nevertheless be registered in such manner as the Registrar may direct.
The following registers shall be kept:
(a) a register of documents relating to land not subject to customary title, other than documents referred to in paragraph (b), called the Lands Register;
(b) a register of documents relating to common leasehold schemes, called the Common Leaseholds Register;
(c) a register of other documents required or permitted to be registered under this Act, called the Miscellaneous Register.
[S 9 am by Act 38 of 1994.]
In the Miscellaneous Register shall be registered any deed or instrument declaring a trust which it is desired to register and any document, other than relating to land, either required by any law to be registered and in respect of which no special registry office is indicated or which it is desirable and proper to register.
[S 10 am by Act 5 of 1943.]
(1) Where any person alleges that any error or omission has been made in a Register or that any entry or omission therein has been made or procured by fraud or mistake, the Registrar shall, if he shall consider such allegation satisfactorily proved, correct such error, omission or entry as aforesaid.
(2) Any person aggrieved by any entry or omission made in a Register after application to the Registrar under sub-section (1) may apply to the Court or land tribunal for an order that the Register may be rectified, and the Court or land tribunal may either refuse such application with or without costs to be paid by the applicant or it may, if satisfied of the justice of the case, make an order for the rectification of the Register in such manner as it shall direct.
(1) In this section—
“diagram” means a diagram of a piece of land, as defined by the Land Survey Act, which has been approved by the Surveyor-General;
“plan” means a plan of a piece of land which has been approved by the Surveyor-General as sufficiently detailed, where the Surveyor-General is satisfied that an actual survey or the approval of a diagram is, for the time being, impractical;
“description” means a sketch plan of the land, showing with reasonable accuracy the position of the boundaries of the land in relation to the position of adjoining land, approved by the Surveyor-General for the purposes of this definition, but not as a plan.
(2) Subject to this section, any document relating to land which is lodged for registration shall describe the land by reference to a diagram, plan or description of the land, quoting the year and Surveyor-General’s number of the plan, diagram or description.
(3) The diagram, plan or description shall be annexed to the document unless it, or a document with it annexed, has already been registered in relation to the land and the document lodged refers to the document already registered.
(4) Where a diagram of a piece of land is registered, the Registrar may, on the application of any person interested, endorse all references in the register to a plan or description of the land with a reference to the diagram.
(5) Where a plan of a piece of land is registered, and no diagram of that piece has been registered, the Registrar may, on the application of any person interested, endorse all references in the register to a description of the land with a reference to the plan.
(6) Where a description of a piece of land has been registered, and no plan or diagram has been registered, the Registrar may, on the application of any person interested, and after considering objections from any other person interested, revise, modify or amend the description.
(7) Sub-section (2) shall not apply to—
(a) a contract for the sale or exchange of land or any interest in land;
(b) a lease or agreement for a lease relating to a portion only of a building and creating a term not exceeding seven years.
[S 12 am by Act 17 of 1954, 20 of 1957, 38 of 1994.]
The Registrar may, in any case in which he thinks fit so to do, insist that a document which it is desired to register shall be presented for registration either by a person executing or claiming an interest under the same or the representative or agent of such person, and the Registrar may require to be satisfied as to the identity of the person by whom it is brought or, in the case of a representative or agent as to his authority, which authority may be proved by power of attorney, probate or other evidence appearing to the Registrar to be sufficient.
Before registering a document under this Part, the Registrar shall satisfy himself that it is an instrument to which this Part applies and that all duties, quit rent or other annual payments thereon have been duly paid.
(1) If a document which it is desired to register is not in Zambia, a copy of such document duly authenticated as a true copy thereof by a notary public under his signature and seal of office may be registered in lieu of such document without further authentication.
(2) Every document presented for registration must be accompanied by a copy of the same and of any map or plan annexed to or comprised therein.
[S 15 am by SI 65 of 1965.]
(1) Registration of a document shall consist of the filing of the document, or of a copy of the document certified by the Registrar as a true copy, and of the entry in a register of—
(a) the names of the parties;
(b) the date of the document;
(c) the date of the registration; and
(d) a brief description of the nature of the document.
(2) The entries in the registers may be made in a book or recorded by electronic or any other means by which the information can be safely stored and made readily available in writing.
(3) The registers, and the files relating to the several registers, shall be kept separately.
[S 16 am by Act 38 of 1994.]
The Registrar shall, with respect to each Register, number every copy so filed consecutively, entering the day of the month and year when it is registered, and shall file the copies in the order in which the documents came into his hands.
A memorandum signed by the Registrar shall be endorsed on every document registered, containing a sufficient reference to the number and position of the document in the Register, which memorandum shall be proof of the due registration of the document in the absence of sufficient evidence to the contrary.
If it shall appear to the Registrar that the value of any property has been understated for the purpose of evading the proper transfer duty or any other duty chargeable ad valorem, it shall be competent for the Registrar to refuse to register the document in question until he shall have been satisfied that the proper value is stated and that the proper duty has been paid, and for that purpose to take such evidence or to make such inquiry or to cause such valuation to be made as he shall think proper, and to make such order as to the costs of such proceedings as shall be just, subject to appeal to the Court or land tribunal.
[S 19 am by Act 7 of 1937.]
If any document to be registered is not in the English language, it must be accompanied by a translation duly certified by some competent and authorised person.
Registration shall not cure any defect in any instrument registered or confer upon it any effect or validity other than that provided by this Part.
(1) Subject to such regulations as the Minister may make from time to time, the Register may during the usual office hours be searched and examined by anyone and certified copies of any entry may be obtained, if required, upon payment of such fees as may be prescribed.
(2) Where a register or part of a register is kept other than in the form of a book, it shall be made available for search in a convenient written form, as a printed document or by means of an electronic device.
[S 22 am by GN 274 of 1964; Act 38 of 1994.]
(1) Where any person requires search to be made at the Registry for entries of any matters or documents, whereof entries are required or allowed to be made in the Registry, he may, on payment of the prescribed fee, lodge at the Registry a requisition in that behalf.
(2) Certificate of result
The Registrar shall thereupon make the search required, and shall issue a certificate setting forth the result thereof.
(3) Certificate conclusive
In favour of a purchaser or an intending purchaser, as against persons interested under or in respect of matters or documents whereof entries are required or allowed as aforesaid, the certificate, according to the tenor thereof, shall be conclusive, affirmatively or negatively, as the case may be.
(4) Form of requisition
Every requisition under this section shall be in writing, signed by the person making the same, specifying the name against which he desires search to be made, or in relation to which he requires a certificate of result of search, and other sufficient particulars.
(5) Frauds by officers, etc.
If any officer, clerk or person employed in the Registry commits, or is party or privy to, any act of fraud or collusion, or is willfully negligent, in the making of or otherwise in relation to any certificate under this section, he shall be liable on conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months or to a fine not exceeding one thousand five hundred penalty units or to both.
(6) Saving for independent right of search
Nothing in this section or in any regulation made under this Act shall affect any right which any person may have independently of this section to make any search in the Registry; and every such search may be made as if this section or any such regulation had not been enacted or made.
(7) Where a barrister or solicitor obtains or acts upon the faith of a certificate of result of search under this section or a Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title, he shall not be answerable in respect of any loss that may arise from any error in the certificate or in any entry therein or endorsement thereon.
(8) Where the barrister or solicitor is acting for trustees, executors, agents or other persons in a fiduciary position, those persons shall not be so answerable.
(9) Where such persons obtain a certificate without a barrister or solicitor, they shall also be protected in like manner.
(10) For the purposes of this section, “purchaser” means and includes any purchaser or mortgagee bona fide for valuable consideration.
[S 23 am by Act 5 of 1943, 13 of 1994.]
The Registrar shall not, nor shall an Assistant Registrar nor any person acting under the authority of the Registrar or an Assistant Registrar, or under any order or regulation made in pursuance of this Act, be liable to any action or proceeding for or in respect of any act or matter done or omitted to be done in good faith in the exercise or supposed exercise of the powers of this Act or any order or regulation made thereunder.
In the event of the loss or destruction of any document registered under this Part, a copy certified to be a true copy under the hand of the Registrar shall be admissible in evidence of its contents in all courts of justice in Zambia, subject to all just exceptions as to its validity or upon other grounds.
[S 25 am by SI 65 of 1965.]
Every certified copy or extract of any registered document purporting to be signed by the Registrar shall be receivable in evidence in any civil or criminal case without further or other proof thereof unless it is proved to be a forgery. The party proposing to use it in evidence shall deliver a copy of such certified copy or extract to the opposite party, and such copy or extract shall be received in evidence if the Court or land tribunal is of opinion that the copy thereof was delivered in sufficient time before the hearing to enable the opposite party to inspect the original register from which the copy or extract has been taken.
127. Application of Bills of Sale Acts
Except as in this Part provided, the provisions of the Bills of Sale Acts, 1878 to 1882, of the United Kingdom, shall apply to bills of sale.
Nothing in this Part contained shall affect any concession or grant of land or any interest in land heretofore or hereafter made by any chief or any power of attorney or instrument or document of procuration heretofore or hereafter granted by any such chief.
PROVISIONAL CERTIFICATES AND CERTIFICATES OF TITLE
[Am by Act 5 of 1943.]
As from the 1st May, 1944, no document purporting to grant, convey or transfer land or any interest in land, or to be a State Lease or agreement for a State Lease, or to be a lease or agreement for a lease for a term of not less than fourteen years, or to create any charge upon land, whether by way of mortgage or otherwise, shall be registered under the provisions of Part II unless, prior to such registration, a Certificate of Title or a Provisional Certificate in respect of the land comprised in such document has been issued to the person or persons entitled thereto.
A Provisional Certificate or a Certificate of Title may be issued only to a holder of land in fee simple or as absolute owner or to the original lessee or subsequent transferee of a State Lease.
[S 30 am by SI 65 of 1965.]
(1) A grant of land for a life or lives shall, for the purposes of Parts III to VII, be deemed to be a leasehold held from the person entitled to the reversion or remainder immediately expectant upon the termination or expiration of the life estate created by such grant.
(2) From the 1st May, 1944, an estate tail shall cease to exist in Zambia for all purposes, and all land held on an estate tail shall become land held in fee simple by the tenant in tail, and all words in any document after such date purporting to create an estate tail shall be deemed to create an estate in fee simple.
[S 31 am by SI 65 of 1965.]
The issue of a Provisional Certificate shall confer upon the Registered Proprietor of the land comprised in such Certificate all the rights, benefits and privileges under Parts III to VII of a Registered Proprietor holding a Certificate of Title except that the Court or land tribunal may, at any time upon good cause shown at the suit of any person who claims that he has a better title, cancel or amend a Provisional Certificate and in that event may order the rectification of the Register accordingly.
A Certificate of Title shall be conclusive as from the date of its issue and upon and after the issue thereof, notwithstanding the existence in any other person of any estate or interest, whether derived by grant from the President or otherwise, which but for Parts III to VII might be held to be paramount or to have priority; the Registered Proprietor of the land comprised in such Certificate shall, except in case of fraud, hold the same subject only to such encumbrances, liens, estates or interests as may be shown by such Certificate of Title and any encumbrances, liens, estates or interests created after the issue of such Certificate as may be notified on the folium of the Register relating to such land but absolutely free from all other encumbrances, liens, estates or interests whatsoever:
(a) except the estate or interest of a proprietor claiming the same land under a current prior Certificate of Title issued under the provisions of Parts III to VII; and
(b) except so far as regards the omission or misdescription of any right of way or other easement created in or existing upon any land; and
(c) except so far as regards any portion of land that may be erroneously included in the Certificate of Title, evidencing the title of such Registered Proprietor by wrong description of parcels or of boundaries.
[S 33 am by SI 65 of 1965.]
(1) No action for possession, or other action for the recovery of any land, shall lie or be sustained against the Registered Proprietor holding a Certificate of Title for the estate or interest in respect to which he is registered, except in any of the following cases, that is to say:
(a) the case of a mortgage as against a mortgagor in default;
(b) the case of the President as against the holder of a State Lease in default;
(c) the case of a person deprived of any land by fraud, as against the person registered as proprietor of such land through fraud, or against a person deriving otherwise than as a transferee bona fide for value from or through a person so registered through fraud;
(d) the case of a person deprived of or claiming any land included in any Certificate of Title of other land by mis-description of such other land, or of its boundaries, as against the Registered Proprietor of such other land, not being a transferee, or deriving from or through a transferee, thereof bona fide for value;
(e) the case of a Registered Proprietor claiming under a Certificate of Title prior in date in any case in which two or more Certificates of Title have been issued under the provisions of Parts III to VII in respect to the same land.
(2) In any case other than as aforesaid, the production of the Register or of a copy of an extract therefrom, certified under the hand and seal of the Registrar, shall be held in every court or land tribunal of law or equity to be an absolute bar and estoppel to any such action against the Registered Proprietor of land the subject of such action, and in respect of which a Certificate of Title has been issued, any rule of law or equity to the contrary notwithstanding.
After land has become the subject of a Certificate of Title, no title thereto, or to any right, privilege, or easement in, upon or over the same, shall be acquired by possession or user adversely to or in derogation of the title of the Registered Proprietor.
Any person interested in any land may apply for the issue to the persons entitled thereto of a Provisional Certificate in respect of such land.
Every applicant, when making his application for a Provisional Certificate, shall produce to the Registrar all instruments in his possession or under his control or in any way affecting his title and shall furnish a schedule of such instruments and also, if required, an abstract of his title, and shall make and subscribe a declaration of the truth of the statements in such application.
(1) Upon the receipt of such application, the Registrar shall examine the title of the applicant and make all proper investigations and inquiries into the title to the land specified therein.
(2) If it appears to the Registrar that any person interested is not a party to such application, he shall direct that such notices shall be served by the applicant upon such persons and in such form and manner as the Registrar deems necessary. Every such notice shall require the person to whom it is addressed, if he wishes to object to the issue of a Provisional Certificate as prayed in such application, to lodge his objection with the Registrar within such time as may be specified by the Registrar in such notice.
If, at the expiration of the time or times specified in the notices mentioned in the last preceding section, it appears to the Registrar that all necessary notices have been given and all necessary documents produced and that no notice of objection has been lodged, the Registrar shall issue a Provisional Certificate to the applicant in Form 3 in the Schedule, showing as the Registered Proprietor the person appearing to be entitled to the land:
Provided that a Provisional Certificate shall not be issued until the Registrar has stamped or otherwise marked such documents of title, if any, as will, in the opinion of the Registrar, when stamped or otherwise marked, give notice to any purchaser or other person dealing with the land of the issue of a Provisional Certificate.
If, and so long as, the person holding the office of Registrar is not a barrister or solicitor, the Minister may, by statutory order, direct that the following procedure shall be substituted for the procedure prescribed in sections 37, 38 and 39:
(a) an application for a Provisional Certificate shall be accompanied by—
(i) a certificate (hereinafter called a “practitioner’s certificate”) by a barrister or solicitor in Form 1 in the Schedule, and such certificate shall state that the barrister or solicitor signing the same has made all proper investigations and inquiries into the title to the land specified therein, and that in his opinion the legal and equitable estates and all other interests in such land are as set out in such certificate;
(ii) a statement signed by the barrister or solicitor who signed the practitioner’s certificate giving the names and addresses of all persons interested in the land in respect of which the application is made or any portion thereof, both as appearing in the latest registered document containing such names and as may be believed to be correct at the time of the application to the best of the signatory’s knowledge, information and belief.
(b) upon receipt of an application for a Provisional Certificate, the Registrar shall send notice of the application in Form 2 in the Schedule to each of the persons mentioned in the statement referred to in paragraph (a) (ii) at all the addresses for that person given in such statement. Every such notice shall be sent by registered post and shall require the addressee, if he wishes to object to the issue of a Provisional Certificate as prayed in such application, to lodge his objection with the Registrar within such time as may be specified by the Registrar in such notice.
(c) if, at the expiration of the time or times specified in the notices mentioned in paragraph (b), it appears to the Registrar that all necessary notices have been given and all necessary documents produced and that no notice of objection has been lodged, the Registrar shall issue a Provisional Certificate to the applicant in Form 3 in the Schedule, showing as the Registered Proprietor the person appearing to be so entitled to the land in accordance with the practitioner’s certificate:
Provided that a Provisional Certificate shall not be issued until the Registrar has stamped or otherwise marked such documents of title, if any, as will, in the opinion of the Registrar, when stamped or otherwise marked, give notice to any purchaser or other person dealing with the land of the issue of a Provisional Certificate.
[S 40 am by GN 274 of 1964.]
Any objection which may have been lodged with the Registrar against the issue of a Provisional Certificate and which has been so lodged within the time specified in the Registrar’s notice calling for such objections shall be referred by the Registrar to the Court or land tribunal, and the Court or land tribunal after hearing all necessary parties may, according to the rights of the parties, either order that the Provisional Certificate shall issue as prayed or order that it shall issue in an amended form or shall be refused, and the Registrar shall act in accordance with such order.
The President upon an original grant of land, whether by way of fee simple or leasehold, shall instruct the Registrar to issue a Certificate of Title without any Provisional Certificate, and the Registrar shall in such event issue a Certificate of Title accordingly without any Provisional Certificate or any advertisement or other preliminary procedure as provided in Parts III to VII.
[S 42 am by SI 65 of 1965.]
After the expiration of six years from the issue of a first Provisional Certificate in respect of any land, the Registered Proprietor of such land for the time being may apply to the Registrar for a Certificate of Title to such land and, upon such application, the applicant shall deliver to the Registrar all documents in his possession or under his control constituting or in any way affecting his title.
Upon receiving an application for the issue of a Certificate of Title, the Registrar shall cause notice of such application in Form 4 in the Schedule to be advertised in the Gazette and at least one newspaper published in Zambia or approved by the Minister, and shall in such advertisement appoint a time within which any objection to the issue of the Certificate of Title may be lodged with the Registrar.
[S 44 am by GN 274 of 1964; SI 65 of 1965.]
If, at the expiration of the time specified in the advertisement referred to in the last preceding section, no objection shall have been lodged, the Registrar shall proceed to file and cancel all the documents of title delivered to him with such application, including the Provisional Certificate, and shall issue to the applicant a Certificate of Title in Form 5 in the Schedule.
Any objection which may have been lodged with the Registrar against the issue of a Certificate of Title and which shall have been so lodged within the time limited in the notice calling for such objections shall be referred by the Registrar to the Court or land tribunal, and the Court or land tribunal after hearing all necessary parties may, in accordance with the rights of such parties, order that a Certificate of Title shall issue as applied for, or may order that it shall issue in an amended form or shall be refused, and the Registrar shall act in accordance with such order.
Leases, mortgages, encumbrances or other estates or interests affecting the estate of the Registered Proprietor at the time of the issue of a Provisional Certificate or a Certificate of Title shall, so far as the same are disclosed upon the application or can otherwise be ascertained, be notified on the Register in such manner as to preserve their priority.
The Registrar shall note upon every Provisional Certificate and every Certificate of Title, in such manner as to preserve their priority, the memorials of all unsatisfied mortgages, leases and other estates and interests, outstanding or otherwise, to which the land is subject at the time of issuing such Certificate, and any documents dealing with such mortgages, leases, other estates or interests; and in the case of a Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title issued to a minor, or person under other legal disability, the Registrar shall, in such Certificate, state the particulars of such disability so far as he has notice or knowledge thereof.
(1) Every Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title issued pursuant to any dealing under Parts III to VII shall bear even date with the registration of such dealing.
(2) A Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title issued in the name of a Registered Proprietor in lieu of a cancelled Certificate issued to the same Registered Proprietor in respect of the same estate or interest may be expressed to take effect as from the date of the Certificate originally issued to such Proprietor in respect of such estate or interest.
Whenever any easement or incorporeal right, other than an annuity or rent-charge, in or over any land comprised in a Provisional Certificate or a Certificate of Title, is created for the purpose of being annexed to, or used and enjoyed together with, other land, the Registrar shall enter a memorial of the instrument creating such easement or incorporeal right upon such Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title and also upon any Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title of such other land, and such memorial shall, as from the date of entry thereof, have the effect of including such easement in such Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title of such other land as appurtenant to the land therein described.
(1) Any two or more persons named in any instrument under Parts III to VII, or requiring to be registered under this Act as transferees, mortgages, lessees or proprietors of any land or estate or interest therein, shall, unless the contrary is expressed, be deemed to be entitled as joint tenants with right of survivorship, and such instrument, when registered, shall take effect accordingly.
(2) Any statement or reference contained in any document or instrument mentioned in sub-section (1) which specifies the shares in which the property is to be held shall be deemed to express that a joint tenancy is not to be created.
(3) When two or more persons are entitled as tenants in common or joint tenants to undivided shares in any land, only one Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title shall be issued in respect of that land, and the Certificate shall be handed or delivered to the person whose name first appears as a Registered Proprietor on such Certificate and, on any transfer of any undivided share or interest in such land, the Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title, as the case may be, shall be cancelled and a new Certificate issued.
[S 51 am by SI 65 of 1965.]
The Registrar shall not be bound to issue a Certificate of Title upon any application in respect of which notice is hereby required to be given by advertisement until after the expiration of fourteen days from the time limited in such advertisement.
If any Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title is issued in the name of a person who has previously died, such Certificate shall not be void, but the land comprised therein shall devolve in like manner as if such Certificate had been issued immediately prior to such death.
Every Provisional Certificate and every Certificate of Title, duly authenticated under the hand and seal of the Registrar, shall be received in all courts of law and equity as evidence of the particulars therein set forth or endorsed thereon, and of their being entered in the Register, and shall, unless the contrary is proved by the production of the Register or a copy thereof certified under the hand and seal of the Registrar, or unless the rectification of a Provisional Certificate is ordered by the Court or land tribunal, be conclusive evidence that the person named in such Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title, or in any entry thereon, as seized of or as taking estate or interest
in the land therein described is seized or possessed of such land for the estate or interest therein specified as from the date of such Certificate or as from the date from which the same is expressed to take effect, and that such Certificate has been duly issued.
(1) Upon the application of any Registered Proprietor of land held under separate Provisional Certificates or Certificates of Title, or under one Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title, the Registrar may issue to such Proprietor a single Certificate for the whole of such land, or several Certificates, each containing a portion of such land, so far as the same may be done consistently with any regulations for the time being in force.
(2) Upon issuing any such Certificate, the Registrar shall cancel the previous Certificate, and shall note thereon a reference to the Certificate issued in lieu thereof.
(1) In the event of any Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title being lost, mislaid or destroyed, the Registered Proprietor, together with other persons (if any) having knowledge of the circumstances, may make a statutory declaration stating the facts of the case, the names and descriptions of the Registered Proprietor, and the particulars of all mortgages, encumbrances or other matters affecting such land and the title thereto, to the best of the declarant’s knowledge and belief.
(2) The Registrar, if satisfied as to the truth of such declaration, may issue a duplicate Provisional Certificate or duplicate Certificate of Title, which duplicate Certificate shall contain an exact copy of the original Certificate and of every memorandum and endorsement thereon, and shall also contain a statement of the circumstances under which such duplicate Certificate is issued. If the Registrar shall not be satisfied as to the truth of such declaration, he may call for confirmatory evidence and, if no sufficient confirmatory evidence be produced, he shall refuse to issue such duplicate.
(3) The Registrar shall at the same time enter in the Register notice of the issue of such duplicate Certificate and the date thereof, and the circumstances under which it was issued.
(4) The Registrar, before issuing such duplicate Certificate, shall give at least fourteen days’ notice of his intention so to do in the Gazette and in at least one newspaper published in Zambia, or approved by the Minister.
(5) Such duplicate Certificate shall be available for all purposes and uses for which the Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title so lost or mislaid would have been available, and as valid to all intents as such Certificate.
(6) In the event of the loss of any other document registered under this Act, copies may be supplied and certified in accordance with and subject to such regulations as may be prescribed.
[S 56 am by GN 274 of 1964; SI 65 of 1965.]
Where a transfer has been lodged for registration without production of the outstanding Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title, the Registrar may, if he is satisfied that such outstanding Certificate cannot be got in and cancelled, register the transfer and issue a new Certificate in the name of the purchaser without such cancellation.
[S 57 am by Act 9 of 1967.]
TRANSFER AND TRANSMISSION OF REGISTERED LAND
Except in the case of fraud, no person contracting or dealing with or taking or proposing to take a transfer or mortgage from the Registered Proprietor of any estate or interest in land in respect of which a Certificate of Title has been issued shall be required or in any manner concerned to inquire into or ascertain the circumstances in or the consideration for which such Registered Proprietor or any previous Registered Proprietor of the estate or interest in question is or was registered, or to see to the application of the purchase money or of any part thereof, or shall be affected by notice, direct or constructive, of any trust or unregistered interest, any rule of law or equity to the contrary notwithstanding, and the knowledge that any such trust or unregistered interest is in existence shall not of itself be imputed as fraud.
Nothing in Parts III to VII shall be so interpreted as to render subject to action for recovery of damages, or for possession, or to deprivation of any land in respect to which a Certificate of Title has been issued, any purchaser or mortgagee bona fide for valuable consideration of such land on the ground that his vendor or mortgagor may have become a Registered Proprietor through fraud, or error, or under any void or voidable instrument, or may have derived from or through a Registered Proprietor through fraud or error, or under any void or voidable instrument, and this whether such fraud or error consists in wrong description of the boundaries or of the parcels of any land, or otherwise howsoever.
(1) The Registered Proprietor of land in respect of which a Provisional Certificate or a Certificate of Title has been issued may—
(a) make a transfer to himself jointly with any other person or persons; and
(b) create or execute any powers of appointment, or limit any estates, whether by remainder or in reversion, and whether contingent or otherwise, and for that purpose may modify or alter any form of transfer hereby prescribed.
(2) In case of the limitation of successive interests as aforesaid, the Registrar shall cancel the Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title evidencing the title of the transferor, and shall issue a Certificate in the name of the person ultimately entitled to the estate in remainder or reversion directly under the President (whether freehold or leasehold) for such estate as he is entitled to, and the persons immediately and subsequently successively entitled in possession shall be registered as leaseholders according to the limitations in their favour.
[S 60 am by SI 65 of 1965.]
(1) When land in respect of which a Provisional Certificate or a Certificate of Title has been issued, or any estate or interest in such land, is intended to be transferred, or any right of way or other easement is intended to be created, the Registered Proprietor may execute for the purpose of registration a deed of transfer in Form 6 in the Schedule with such modifications as the circumstances may require.
(2) Where the Registered Proprietor or Registered Proprietors is or are the personal representatives of a deceased Registered Proprietor, an assent by such personal representative or personal representatives shall be deemed, for the purposes of sub-section (4) of section 3 of the Land Transfer Act, 1897, of the United Kingdom, to be in the prescribed form if the same is in Form 7 in the Schedule.
(3) Upon presentation to the Registrar of a transfer or assent executed in accordance with this section and upon compliance with the law and any regulations relating to the registration of such document, the Registrar shall register the same:
Provided that, where the subject-matter of such transfer or assent is land in respect of which a Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title has been issued, the Registrar shall call for and cancel such existing Certificate and issue a new Certificate and further, where a Certificate of Title has been issued, the Registrar, after registration of the deed of transfer or assent and issue of the new Certificate, shall cancel such deed of transfer or assent.
(4) Upon transfer of one or more subdivisions or portions of any land in respect of which a Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title has been issued and upon cancellation of the existing Certificate, the Registrar shall issue a new Certificate in respect of each subdivision or portion to the transferee and a new Certificate in respect of the remaining extent to the transferor. With the consent of the Registrar, a block of subdivisions may be treated as a portion of land for the purposes of this sub-section.
In every transfer of land subject to a mortgage, there shall be implied a covenant on the part of the transferee to and with the transferor to pay the interest or other payments thereafter to become due by virtue of such mortgage at the time and in manner therein specified for payment thereof, and to pay the principal sum when and as the same becomes due, and to keep harmless and indemnified the transferor in respect of such payments, and in respect of all liability on account of the future observance of the covenants and conditions on the part of the transferor in such mortgage expressed or implied.
Whenever any order is made by any court or land tribunal of competent jurisdiction vesting any estate or interest in land in any person, the Registrar, upon being served with an office copy of such order, shall enter a memorandum thereof in the Register and on the outstanding instrument of title and, until such entry is made, the said order shall have no effect in vesting or transferring the said estate or interest.
Notwithstanding anything contained in Parts III to VII, a charge on land or on any estate or interest in land may be contained in an assent under section 3 of the Land Transfer Act, 1897, of the United Kingdom.
A mortgage of any estate or interest in land shall have effect as security and shall not operate as a transfer or lease of the estate or interest thereby mortgaged, but the mortgagee shall have and shall be deemed always to have had the same protection powers and remedies (including a power of sale, the right to take proceedings to obtain possession from the occupiers and the persons in receipt of rents and profits or any of them and, in the case of land held in leasehold, the right to receive any notice relating to the land the subject of the mortgage which under any law or instrument the mortgagor is entitled to receive) as if the mortgage had so operated as a transfer or lease of the estate or interest mortgaged.
[S65 am by Act 31 of 1958.]
(1) A power of sale of the whole or any part or parts of any property subject to a mortgage shall become exercisable by a mortgagee if the mortgage is made by deed and the mortgage money payable thereunder has become due and the mortgage is not redeemed before sale, and every such power of sale shall be with and subject to the powers and obligations and other provisions relating to sales by mortgagees contained in the Conveyancing and Law of Property Act, 1881, of the United Kingdom, or any statutory modification thereof applicable in Zambia, but neither the Registrar nor any person purchasing for value from such a mortgagee shall be bound or concerned to see whether all or any of the provisions of that Act have been compiled with or whether any money remains due under the mortgage.
(2) A mortgagee exercising the said power of sale shall have power by deed to transfer to the purchaser the whole estate or interest of the mortgagor in the property the subject of the mortgage freed from the right of redemption by the mortgagor and freed from all estates, interests and rights to which the mortgage has priority, but subject to all estates, interests and rights which have priority to the mortgage.
[S66 am by Act 31 of 1958; SI 65 of 1965.]
(1) Upon production of any memorandum by endorsement on the mortgage or otherwise, signed by the mortgagee and attested by a witness discharging the land, estate or interest from the whole or part of the principal sum or annuity secured, or discharging any part of the land comprised in such mortgage from the whole or any part of such principal sum or annuity, the Registrar shall make an entry in the Register and on the outstanding instrument of title, noting that such mortgage is discharged wholly or partially.
(2) Upon such entry being made, the land, estate or interest mentioned or referred to in such memorandum shall cease to be subject to or liable for such principal sum or annuity, or for the part thereof noted in such entry as discharged.
(3) The outstanding document creating the mortgage so wholly or partially discharged as aforesaid shall be surrendered to the Registrar to be cancelled or part cancelled, as the case may be, unless the Registrar sees reasonable cause to dispense with such surrender.
(4) A mortgage subject to a sub-mortgage shall not be discharged, nor shall the terms thereof be varied, nor shall the power of sale contained or implied therein be exercised without the consent in writing of the sub-mortgagee.
(5) The consent of the sub-mortgagee to the variation of the terms of a mortgage shall render the instrument making the variation binding on him and on all persons who may subsequently derive from him interest in the mortgage.
(1) Any executor, administrator, trustee in bankruptcy or committee of a lunatic claiming to be entitled to any estate or interest in land by virtue of any transmission may make application in writing to the Registrar to have such transmission registered.
(2) Particulars to be stated in application
Such application shall be accompanied by the probate, letters of administration, appointment or other authority under which the applicant makes his claim and shall accurately define the estate or interest claimed by such applicant, and state that he verily believes himself to be entitled to the estate or interest in respect of which he applies to be registered as Proprietor, and, if so required by the Registrar, the statements in such application shall be verified by the oath or statutory declaration of the applicant.
(1) If, on such application and upon the evidence adduced in support thereof, it appears to the Registrar that the applicant is entitled to the estate or interest claimed, the Registrar shall note as a memorial or register such evidence and, if such applicant appears to be entitled to any land in respect of which a Provisional Certificate or Certificate of Title has been issued, the Registrar shall, upon registration of the said evidence and upon receiving such Certificate, issue to him a new Certificate in respect thereof and cancel the former Certificate.
(2) Any person becoming a Registered Proprietor of any land under the provisions of sub-section (1) shall hold the land transmitted subject to all equities affecting the same, but for the purpose of any dealing therewith shall be deemed to be the absolute Proprietor thereof with full powers to dispose of the same by way of transfer, sale, mortgage or otherwise without the consent of any other person and further with full powers to give receipts and discharges for all purchase or mortgage moneys or other moneys arising from any such disposition.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in section 55 of the Bankruptcy Act, no land within Zambia and no interest in any such land shall vest in an official receiver or trustee in bankruptcy until such official receiver or trustee in bankruptcy has been registered as Proprietor thereof or has been registered as Registered Proprietor thereof as provided in this section:
Provided that, pending a decision of the Registrar under sub-section (1), any receiving order and any appointment of a trustee in bankruptcy affecting any land or interest in land may be noted in the appropriate Register as an encumbrance or outstanding estate or as a document creating an encumbrance or outstanding estate upon production to the Registrar of a certificate of such order or appointment under the hand of the Registrar of the Court or land tribunal.
[S 69 am by SI 65 of 1965.]
Upon the registration of a transmission under any will or letters of administration, the Registrar may enter a caveat for the protection of the interests of persons appearing by such will or letters of administration to be beneficially interested in the estate or interest the subject of such transmission.
Upon the bankruptcy of the lessee under any registered lease or State Lease of land, the Registrar, upon the application in writing of the trustee in bankruptcy of the bankrupt’s estate, accompanied by a statement in writing signed by such trustee certifying his disclaimer of such lease or State Lease and upon delivery of an order of Court or land tribunal giving leave so to disclaim, shall enter in the Register the particulars of such disclaimer.
[S 71 am by SI 65 of 1965.]
Such entry or disclaimer as aforesaid shall operate as a transfer on sale or as a surrender as may be specified in the order of Court or land tribunal giving leave for the disclaimer.
(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Bankruptcy Act, or any rule made thereunder, no such entry of disclaimer as mentioned in the last two preceding sections shall be made without the leave of the Court or land tribunal.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Bankruptcy Act, no land within Zambia held in fee simple by a person who has become bankrupt shall be disclaimed by the trustee in bankruptcy or any other person entitled thereto except with the consent of and by transfer to the President.
[S 73 am by SI 65 of 1965.]
(1) Except as hereinafter provided in relation to public lands, no entry of any notice of any trust shall be made in the Township Lands Register, in the Lands Register, in any Provisional Certificate or in any Certificate of Title, and any such entry, if made, shall have no effect.
(2) Trusts affecting land may be declared by any deed or instrument, and such deed or instrument may be registered in the Miscellaneous Register.
Section 12 of the Trustee Act, 1893, of the United Kingdom, shall not apply to land in respect of which a Provisional Certificate or a Certificate of Title has been issued, but whenever a new trustee is appointed to perform any trust in relation to such land, the person or persons in whom the legal estate of the land or the estate or interest therein comprised in such trust is vested shall forthwith transfer the same to the persons jointly who are the trustees as the result of such appointment.
[S75 am by Act 5 of 1943.]
(a) claiming to be entitled to or to be beneficially interested in any land or any estate or interest therein by virtue of any unregistered agreement or other instrument or transmission, or of any trust expressed or implied, or otherwise howsoever; or
(b) transferring any estate or interest in land to any other person to be held in trust; or
(c) being an intending purchaser or mortgagee of any land;
may at any time lodge with the Registrar a caveat in Form 8 in the Schedule.
(1) Every caveat shall be signed by the caveator or by his attorney or agent, and shall state with sufficient certainty the nature of the estate or interest claimed by the caveator, with such other information and evidence as may be required by any regulations under this Act, and shall appoint a place or give an address within 4.83 kilometres of the Registry at or to which notices and proceedings relating to such caveat may be served or addressed.
(2) Every caveat shall be entered on the Register as of the day and hour of the reception thereof by the Registrar.
Every notice relating to a caveat and any proceedings in respect thereof if served at the place appointed in the caveat, or forwarded through the Post Office by registered letter addressed as aforesaid, shall be deemed duly served.
So long as a caveat in Form 8 remains in force, the Registrar shall not make any entry on the Register having the effect of charging or transferring or otherwise affecting the estate or interest protected by such caveat:
Provided that nothing herein shall prevent the completion of the registration of an instrument which has been accepted for registration before the receipt of the caveat.
Upon the receipt of any caveat, the Registrar shall notify the same to the Registered Proprietor or other person against whose title to deal with land or other interest such caveat has been lodged. Such notification may be sent by ordinary prepaid post addressed to the person to be notified at his address as shown in the Register or, if there be no such address, by posting it up in a conspicuous place outside the office of the Registry for not less than seven days.
(1) Such Registered Proprietor or other interested person may, if he thinks fit, summon the caveator, or the person on whose behalf such caveat has been lodged, to attend before the Lands Tribunal,Court or a Judge thereof to show cause why such caveat should not be removed.
(2) Such Lands Tribunal,Court or Judge, upon proof that such person has been summoned, may make such order in the premises, either ex parte or otherwise, as to such Lands Tribunal, Court or Judge seems meet.
[S 81 am by s 3 of Act 40 of 2010.]
(1) Any person lodging any caveat without reasonable cause shall be liable to make to any person who may have sustained damage thereby such compensation as may be just.
(2) Such compensation shall be recoverable in an action at law by the person who has sustained damage from the person who lodged the caveat.
Any caveat may be withdrawn by the caveator or by his attorney or agent under a written authority, and either as to the whole or any part of the land affected, or the consent of the caveator may be given for the registration of any particular dealing expressed to be made subject to the rights of the caveator.
[Am by Act 5 of 1943.]
Every Registrar, in addition to the powers hereinbefore vested in him, may exercise all or any of the powers following, that is to say—
(a) For his information—
he may require the Proprietor or other person making or concurring in any application under Parts III to VII to produce any deed or instrument in his possession or control relating to the land the subject of such application, and, if necessary, to attend and give any information or explanation concerning the same;
(b) For endorsement—
he may require any person having in his possession or control any Provisional Certificate, Certificate of Title, mortgage or other instrument upon which any memorial or entry is required to be endorsed for the purposes of Parts III to VII to produce such instrument within a reasonable time to be fixed by such notice, and to deposit the same with the Registrar for such time as may be necessary for the making of such endorsement or entry;
he may, if in his opinion the number or nature of the entries on any folium of the Register renders it expedient to close the same, or if any document of title has become worn, defaced or mutilated so as to justify his so doing, require the holder of the outstanding document of title to surrender the same for cancellation; and upon such cancellation, a duplicate shall be issued to the person entitled thereto upon payment of the prescribed fee:
Provided that the Registrar may at his discretion remit such fee except in case of willful defacement or mutilation of any instrument;
(d) May enter caveats—
he may enter caveats for the protection of any person who is under the disability of infancy, lunacy, unsoundness of mind, or absence from Zambia, or, on behalf of the President, to prohibit the transfer or dealing with any land belonging or supposed to belong to any such persons as hereinbefore mentioned, and also to prohibit the dealing with any land in any case in which it appears to him that an error has been made by misdescription of such land or otherwise in any Provisional Certificate, Certificate of Title or other instrument, or for the prevention of any fraud or improper dealing;
(e) May administer oaths—
he may administer oaths, or may take a statutory declaration in lieu of administering an oath;
(f) May clear the Register from expired estates—
he may, if satisfied that any State Lease, lease or other interest in land has been wholly surrendered, forfeited, merged or expired or that any mortgage has been wholly discharged, strike out from and cancel in the Register all entries relating to such State Lease, lease, interest or mortgage:
Provided that, if upon any application to exercise this power or upon the Registrar being otherwise desirous of exercising the same, it shall seem doubtful to the Registrar whether such exercise might prejudice any person, then the Registrar shall obtain the consent of that person before proceeding to clear the Register as aforesaid.
[S 84 am by SI 65 of 1965.]
(1) If, upon requisition in writing made by the Registrar for any purpose mentioned in the last preceding section, any proprietor or other person without reasonable cause refuses or neglects—
(a) to produce, surrender or deposit any instrument, or to allow the same to be inspected; or
(b) to give any explanation which he is hereinbefore required to give;
he shall be liable to a fine not exceeding one hundred and fifty penalty units for each day during which such refusal or neglect continues.
(2) Such fine may be recovered at the suit of the Registrar in any court or land tribunal of competent jurisdiction, and the offender shall, in addition thereto, be liable to make compensation to any person who has sustained loss or damage by reason of such refusal or neglect.
[S 85 am by Act 13 of 1994.]
Where any land is held on trust to be kept open for use as a street or road or other right of way for the public, such trust may be noted on the Register.
If the Registrar refuses to perform any act or duty which he is required or empowered by this Act to perform, or if a Registered Proprietor or other interested person is dissatisfied with the direction or decision of the Registrar in respect of any application, claim, matter or thing under this Act, the person deeming himself aggrieved may appeal to the Court or land tribunal.
The Registrar may, by special case, submit for the decision of the Court or land tribunal any question arising under this Act which appears to him to require such decision; and the Court or land tribunal shall give its judgment thereon as if such question had been raised in due form upon an appeal from the decision of a subordinate court.
In the conduct of appeals from the Registrar to the Court or land tribunal, the same rules shall apply as are in force or exist for the time being in respect of ordinary appeals to the Court or land tribunal from a subordinate court.
Any person who, not being a barrister or solicitor, transacts any business under this Act for and on behalf of any other person for fee or reward shall be guilty of an offence and liable to a fine not exceeding one thousand five hundred penalty units:
Provided that nothing contained in this section shall apply to a Government officer acting in the performance of his duties as such.
[S 90 am by Act 13 of 1994.]
The Registrar shall, subject to any regulations which may be prescribed, note in such manner as he may think fit in any folium of the Register and also upon any Certificates of Title or Provisional Certificates particulars of any rights granted or acquired under the Mines and Minerals Act which affect the land referred to or comprised in such folium of the Register or in such Certificates.
[S 91 am by Act 46 of 1969.]
The Minister may, by statutory instrument, make regulations and from time to time cancel, alter or amend the same—
(a) for the conduct of registration under this Act;
(b) prescribing the form of application for search in the Registry and the official certificate to be issued thereon;
(c) prescribing the times during which may Register in the Registry may be searched and examined;
(d) prescribing the fees payable upon registration of documents and in respect of unofficial and official searches under this Act;
(e) providing for the issue of a single Certificate of Title or Provisional Certificate for several pieces of land and for the issue of separate Certificates of Title or Provisional Certificates for different portions of the same piece of land;
(f) providing for the issue of copies and certified copies of lost title deeds and the reception thereof as evidence by any courts in Zambia;
(g) providing for the noting or registration of rights granted or acquired under the Mines and Minerals Act on the Register and on Certificates of Title and Provisional Certificates;
(h) generally for more effectually carrying into effect the provisions of this Act.
[S 92 am by GN 274 of 1964; SI 65 of 1965; Act 46 of 1969.]
NB. With the coming into force of this Act, the Bills of Sale Acts 1878-1882 of the United Kingdom ceased to have effect in Zambia.
LANDS AND DEEDS REGISTRY ACT
I, the undersigned, hereby certify that I have made all proper investigations and inquiries into the title to the piece of land being ALL that (Insert description of land) and in my opinion the legal and equitable estates and all other interests in such land are as follows, that is to say:
(1) The legal estate in the fee simple in possession (or in the State Lease held directly from the President) is vested in (Insert name or names of persons entitled to be Registered Proprietors of the land and if more than one whether they hold as joint tenants or tenants in common).
(2), (3), (4), etc. (Insert in convenient numbered paragraphs particulars of leases, mortgages, easements, restrictive covenants and other estates and interests affecting the land).
Solicitor (or Barrister-at-Law)
[Sch Form 1 am by SI 65 of 1965.]
LANDS AND DEEDS REGISTRY ACT
NOTICE OF APPLICATION FOR PROVISIONAL CERTIFICATE
To ......................................................................................... of .................................................................. ........................................................................
TAKE NOTICE that
of ......... .............................................................................................. has made application to me praying for a Provisional Certificate to be issued in respect of ALL that (Insert description of land) in accordance with the following particulars:
(1), (2), etc. (Repeat paragraphs specifying the legal and equitable estates and other interests as set out in the Practitioner’s Certificate).
IF YOU wish to object to the issue of a Provisional Certificate as prayed in the above- mentioned application, you must lodge your objection with me the undersigned within ........................... days from the date hereof.
DATED this day of 19 .
Registrar of Lands and Deeds
REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA
LANDS AND DEEDS REGISTRY ACT
[Sections 39 and 40]
THIS Certificate, dated the ......................................... day of ............................................. One thousand nine hundred and ....................... under the hand and seal of the Registrar of the Lands and Deeds Registry of Zambia WITNESSETH that .............................................. of............................................... is seized for an estate in fee simple (subject to such reservations, restrictions, encumbrances, liens, estates and interests as are notified by memorial underwritten or endorsed hereon and subject also to the power of the High Court to cancel or amend this Certificate) of and in ALL that (Insert description of land).
In the case of land held under a State Lease substitute: “is a tenant or lessee for the unexpired residue of a term of .......................... years from the .................................... day of ..................................... 20......... “for” is seized for an estate in fee simple”.
[Sch Form 3 am by SI 65 of 1965.]
LANDS AND DEEDS REGISTRY ACT
REGISTRATION OF TITLE TO LAND
NOTICE OF APPLICATION FOR CERTIFICATE OF TITLE
NOTICE is hereby given that ................................................ of .......................................... has applied to me for a Certificate of Title to the under-mentioned property and that I have appointed ......................... . days from the date of this notice as the time within which any objection to the issue of such Certificate of Title may be lodged with me.
The property referred to is (Describe property and state whether held in fee simple or on State Lease).
DATED the ........................................... day of ................................................. 19
Registrar of Lands and Deeds
[Sch Form 4 am by SI 65 of 1965.]
REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA
LANDS AND DEEDS REGISTRY ACT
CERTIFICATE OF TITLE
THIS Certificate, dated the ............................................ day of .......................................... One thousand nine hundred and .................................................. under the hand and seal of the Registrar of the Lands and Deeds Registry of Zambia WITNESSETH that ...................................................... of ...................................................... is seised for an estate in fee simple (subject to such reservations, restrictions, encumbrances, liens, estates and interests as are notified by memorial underwritten or endorsed hereon) of and in ALL that (Insert description of land).
In the case of land held under a State Lease substitute: “is a tenant or lessee for the unexpired residue of a term of ....................................... years from the ..................................... day of ............................................. 19 “for” is seised for an estate in fee simple”.
[Sch Form 5 am by SI 65 of 1965.]
LANDS AND DEEDS REGISTRY ACT
DEED OF TRANSFER
(a) For fee simple title:
THIS INDENTURE made the ................................ day of ........................................ 20......... BETWEEN A. of (etc.) of the one part and B. of (etc.) of the other part (Insert any explanatory recitals which may be required) WITNESSETH that in consideration of the sum of ..................................................................................... paid to A. by B. (the receipt whereof A. hereby acknowledges) A. as beneficial owner hereby conveys to B. ALL that (etc.) TO HOLD unto and to the use of B. in fee simple (Insert a statement of any matters and things to which the land or estate or interest conveyed is to be subject) IN WITNESS whereof the said parties to these presents have hereunto set their hands and seals the day and year first before written.
(Signed) A. (L.S.)
(Signed) B. (L.S.)
SIGNED SEALED and DELIVERED by A. and B. in the presence of
(b) For State Leasehold title:
THIS INDENTURE made the ...................................... day of.................................... 20........ BETWEEN A. of (etc.) of the first part, THE PRESIDENT of the second part and B. of (etc.) of the third part.
WHEREAS by an Indenture of Lease (hereinafter called “the Head Lease”) dated the ........................................... day of ..................................... and made between the President of the one part and (original lessee) of the other part ALL that (parcels in Head Lease) were demised by the President to the said (original lessee) for the term of ........................... years from the ...................................... day of ....................................... at the yearly rental of K....................... subject to the payment of the said rent and the performance and observance of the covenants, conditions and stipulations in the Head Lease reserved and contained.
(AND WHEREAS by an Indenture dated the ....................................... of .............................. and made between (parties) the said premises were assigned by the said (original lessee) to (or by virtue of divers mesne assurances and acts and operations of law and ultimately by etc. the said premises became and now are vested in) A. for the unexpired residue of the said term of years subject to the rent reserved by and the covenants, conditions and stipulations contained in the Head Lease.)
AND WHEREAS A. has agreed with B. for the sale to B. of the said leasehold premises at the price of ...................................
AND WHEREAS A. has agreed with B. to join in these presents in manner hereinafter appearing (insert other recitals if required).
NOW THIS INDENTURE WITNESSETH:
1. IN consideration of the sum of ........................................................ paid to A. by B. (the receipt whereof A. hereby acknowledges) A. as beneficial owner hereby assigns to B. ALL that etc. TO HOLD to B. for all the residue now unexpired of the term granted by the Head Lease SUBJECT to the payment of the rent and the performance and observance of the covenants, conditions and stipulations in the Head Lease reserved and contained and henceforth on the part of the lessee to be paid, observed and performed.
2. (Covenants by B. to pay rent and observe covenants and conditions in Head Lease and to indemnify A.)
3. (Consent by the President to the assignment if required.)
4. (Release by President of A. from covenants in Head Lease if required.) IN WITNESS etc.
SIGNED SEALED etc.
[Sch Form 6 am by SI 65 of 1965.]
LANDS AND DEEDS REGISTRY ACT
[Section 61 (2)]
WE (Executors or Administrators) of etc., being all the (proving) Executors (or Administrators) of the Will of ................................................ late of etc. deceased dated the ................................. of ............................... and proved by us in .................................... hereby assent to the devise to A. therein contained of (describe the subject-matter of the devise). (Add if necessary:
Subject to a charge upon the said hereditaments comprised in the said devise for all moneys (if any) which we as personal representatives of the said Testator are liable to pay.)
DATED this ............................................................ day of ................................................ 20..........
Executors or Administrators
WITNESS to the above signatures:
LANDS AND DEEDS REGISTRY ACT
[Sections 76 and 79]
To the Registrar
Registry of Lands and Deeds
NOTICE is hereby given that I (Name of caveator) of (address) claiming an estate or interest namely: (Here state the nature of the estate or interest claimed and the ground on which claim is founded) in (Here describe land), forbid the registration of any transfer, or mortgage or other instrument whatsoever affecting the said land until this caveat is withdrawn by me or by order of the High Court or some Judge thereof.
AND I appoint (Here state an address within 4.827 kilometres of the Registry) as the place at which notices relating hereto may be served.
DATED this ................................................................................... day of ............................................... 20...........
Signed by the above-named A.B. in the presence of:
(Occupation and address.)