CHAPTER 236 - PLANT VARIETY AND SEEDS ACT: SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION

INDEX TO SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION

Plant Variety (Potato Seed) Regulations

Specified Varieties of Seed Notice

Plant Variety and Seeds Regulations

PLANT VARIETY (POTATO SEED)REGULATIONS

[Sections 35 and 84]

Arrangement of Regulations

   Regulation

   1.   Title

   2.   Interpretation

   3.   Act to apply to potato seed

   4.   Certification of potato seed

   5.   Registration as grower

   6.   Evidence of class of seed grown

   7.   Field inspection

   8.   Virus post control

   9.   Grading and packing

   10.   Tuber control

   11.   Control growing

   12.   Labelling and storing of potato seed

   13.   Validity of certification

   14.   Appeals

   15.   Fees

      FIRST SCHEDULE

      SECOND SCHEDULE

      THIRD SCHEDULE

      FOURTH SCHEDULE

Act 13 of 1994,

Act 21 of 1995,

SI 133 of 1984.

[Regulations by the Minster]

 

1.   Title

These Regulations may be cited as the Plant Variety (Potato Seed) Regulations.

 

2.   Interpretation

   (1)   In these Regulations unless the context otherwise requires—

“control growing” means a test where growing potato plants are examined to determine cultivar purity and/or virus infection;

“cultivar” means a subdivision of any species which can be distinguished from other subdivisions of that species by means of growth, plant, fruit or other characteristics;

“defect index” means a figure giving the status of a growing crop, a control growing plot or a potato seed lot taking into consideration both frequency and severity of the defects;

“isolation” means a required distance between two crops of the same species in order to prevent contamination either mechanically or by pollination;

“off-type” means a plant which does not show the recognised and acceptable habits and characteristics of the cultivar being grown; and

“seed class” means a step in seed multiplication system well defined in respect of another seed, standard of cultivation and seed quality.

   (2)   Unless the context otherwise requires words and expressions not defined in these Regulations but defined in the Plant Variety and Seeds Regulations, shall, in these Regulations, have the meaning assigned thereto.

 

3.   Act to apply to potato seed

   (1)   Potato seed is hereby prescribed to be seed to which the Act applies.

   (2)   No potato shall be sold as seed unless it has been certified by the Controller of Seeds in accordance with these Regulations.

   (3)   No potato seed shall be certified under these Regulations unless it has been produced and inspected, and attains the standards, as herein provided.

 

4.   Certification of potato seed

   (1)   Only cultivars which have been approved by the Controller of Seeds shall be eligible for certification.

   (2)    Potato seed shall be certified in six classes in accordance with the First Schedule.

   (3)    The standards for certification shall be in accordance with the Second Schedule.

 

5.   Registration as grower

   (1)    An application for registration as a grower of potato seed shall be made in accordance with Part VIII of the Act.

   (2)    An application shall not be approved if it is in respect of land on which, during the preceding three years, potatoes or other Solanaceous crops have been grown.

 

6.   Evidence of class of seed grown

The grower shall plant the class of seed appropriate for his production; and shall retain such evidence of that class as may be sufficient to satisfy the Certifying Authority in that behalf.

 

7.   Field inspection

   (1)   An inspector carrying out a field inspection shall reject a crop for certification if he is satisfied that—

      (a)   the crop is so heavily contaminated with weeds as to render it unfit as seed;

      (b)   the crop is so heavily infested with blights as to render it unfit as seed;

      (c)   the isolation distance prescribed in the Second Schedule is not met;

      (d)   the standard relating to aphids as prescribed in the Second Schedule is not met;

      (e)   the standard relating to the removal from the field of undesirable plants as prescribed in the Second Schedule is not met; or

      (f)   the defect index as prescribed in the Second Schedule is in excess of 30.

   (2)   In respect of every field inspection carried out under these Regulations, a report in the appropriate form prescribed in the Third Schedule shall be rendered by the inspector and counter-signed by the grower.

 

8.   Virus post control

   (1)    In respect of a crop intended for the production of pre-basic seed (S) or basic seed (SE), the grower shall give notice to the Certifying Authority informing him when the haulms have been destroyed and when he intends to lift the potatoes in order that before the potatoes are lifted samples may be taken for purposes of a virus post control.

   (2) In respect of every virus post control carried out under these Regulations, a report in the appropriate form prescribed in the Third Schedule shall be rendered by the Certifying Authority.

 

9.   Grading and packing

   (1)   Potato seeds shall be graded in three sizes in accordance with the following specification:

      (a)   Small 30-40 millimetres;

      (b)   Medium 41-50 millimetres;

      (c)   Large 51-60 millimetres.

   (2) Potato seeds shall be packed in pockets or other containers approved by the Certifying Authority.

 

10.   Tuber control

   (1)   Potato seed shall be presented for tuber control—

      (a)   not earlier than fourteen days and not later than nine months after it has been lifted; and

      (b)   in seed lots not exceeding five tonnes each.

   (2)   In respect of every tuber control carried out under these Regulations, a report in the appropriate form prescribed in the Third Schedule shall be rendered by the inspector and counter-signed by the grower.

 

11.   Control growing

   (1)   Potato seed samples shall be presented for control growing in accordance with instructions issued from time to time by the Certifying Authority.

   (2)   In respect of every control growing carried out under these Regulations, a report in the appropriate form prescribed in the Third Schedule shall be rendered by the Certifying Authority.

 

12.   Labelling and storing of potato seed

   (1)    Potato seed which has been certified in accordance with these Regulations shall be sealed and labelled with the appropriate label provided by the Certifying Authority.

   (2)    Potato seed shall be stored, both before and after certification, in a manner satisfactory to the Certifying Authority—

      (a)   so as to avoid disease, infection and contamination thereof;

      (b)   in buildings disinfected with a disinfectant approved by the Certifying Authority; and

      (c)   in lots separate from ware potatoes and other potato seed lots.

   (3)   When potato seed is stored in an open shed, in addition to the provisions of sub-regulation (2), volunteer Solanaceous or old sprouting potato tubers shall not be allowed within fifty metres of such open shed.

   (4)   When an inspector is satisfied that potato seed has been stored contrary to the provisions of this regulation, he may—

      (a)   in the case of potato seed which has not been certified, refuse certification; or

      (b)   in the case of potato seed which has been certified, cancel such certification.

 

13.   Validity of certification

Unless cancelled earlier, the validity of a certification for potato seed shall be sixty days from the date of the tuber control:

Provided that upon the expiry of a certificate a further tuber control may be carried out and the seed may be recertified for a like period.

 

14.   Appeals

Any person aggrieved by any decision under these Regulations of an Inspector may appeal to the Certifying Authority and to the Minister from any decision of the Certifying Authority.

 

15.   Fees

The fees prescribed in the Fourth Schedule shall be payable in respect of the matters therein set out.

FIRST SCHEDULE

[Regulation 4]

POTATO SEED CERTIFICATION SCHEME

Code 

Class 

 

Parent seed and availability 

Colour of label 

S1 (S2, S3) 

Pre-basic Seed 

 

Produced by the breeder under the supervision of a Certifying Agency. The maximum number of generations shall not exceed three, as determined by theCertifying Agency and such number of generation shall form part of the identification. 

Violet stripe on white 

SE 

Basic Seed 

 

Produced from Pre-basic Seed under the supervision of a Certifying Agency. Only one generation permitted. 

White 

E1 

Certified Seed, generation 

1st 

Produced from Basic Seed and inspected by a Certifying Agency. 

Blue stripe on white 

E2 

Certified Seed, generation 

2nd 

Produced from Certified Seed, 1st generation (or higher class) and inspected by a Certifying Agency. Produced from Certified Seed, 2nd 

Red stripe on white 

Certified Seed, generation 

3rd 

generation (or higher class) and inspected by a Certifying Agency. Produced from Certified Seed, 3rd generation (or higher class) and 

Red stripe on white 

Certified Seed. 4th generation 

inspected by a Certifying Agency. 

Green stripe on white

NOTES:

1.   Field inspection is compulsory for all classes.

2.   For classes S and SE virus post control is compulsory.

3.   Tuber control is compulsory for all classes.

4.   For classes S1 to E2 control growing is compulsory.

5.   Pre-basic seed shall not be available to the public; basic seed shall be available only to registered seed growers; the other classes shall be available to the public.

SECOND SCHEDULE

[Regulations 7, 8, 10 and 11]

STANDARDS FOR CERTIFICATION OF POTATO SEED

 

FIELD INSPECTION 

VIRUS POST CONTROL Maximum severe virus diseases % 

TUBER CONTROL Defect Index (highest value) 

CONTROL GROWING Defect Index (highest value) 

QUALITY CLASS (Code) 

Isolation (metres) 

Defect Index (highest value) 

S1 (S2, S3) 

150 

0.1 

10 

SE 

100 

0.8 

10 

E1 

100 

10 

15 

E2 

100 

10 

15 

100 

12 

15 

50 

30 

20 

-

NOTES:

Field inspection

1.   The isolation refers to the distance between the potato crop for certification and potato crops of lower quality classes or volunteer potato plants. Between different cultivars of the same quality class the isolation shall be at least 5 metres.

2.   A potato crop will be considered heavily infested with aphids if there are more than 150 per 100 leaves taken from the lower half of a plant. Provided that haulm destruction of a heavily infested crop is carried out within seven days from the date of discovering by inspection, it may be cleared by field inspection.

3.   Undesirable plants shall be cleared away as soon as possible by removing both the haulms and the tubers to a distance of at least 30 metres from every edge of the field.

4.   Diseased plants, plants of other cultivars and off type plants shall be recorded as percentages by number; and the percentages found shall be multiplied by the appropriate factors set out in note 5, and the various products so obtained shall be added together to give the defect index for the particular field.

5.   The factors to obtain the defect index for a field inspection shall be as follows:

Defeci 

Factor 

Leaf roll virus (PLRV)................. 

10 

Severe mosaic (PVY)................. 

Black leg........................... 

Verticillium wilt............................ 

Fusarium wilt............................. 

Wildings........................... 

Cultivar mixtures..................... 

Off-types................................ 

Mild mosaic......................... 

Bolters................................. 

1 6. Samples for virus post control shall be taken in the field after haulm destruction. A minimum of one thousand tubers per field shall be sampled.

7.   The determination of virus shall be done by serological methods and/or by occular inspection. The result shall be given as a percentage by number of infected tubers.

Tuber control

8.   From each lot presented for tuber control at least five primary samples of a minimum of forty tubers each shall be drawn. The primary samples mixed together shall form the working sample to be examined. At least 500 tubers per seed lot shall be examined.

9.   The working samples shall be washed, and all the tubers shall be cut through before they are examined.

10.   Diseased, damaged and severely mis-shaped tubers and tubers deviating in size from the grade size shall be recorded as percentage by number; and the percentages found shall be multiplied by the appropriate factors as set out in note 11 and the various products so obtained shall be added together to give the defect index for the seed lot.

11.   The factors to obtain the defect index for the tuber control of a potato seed lot are as follows:

Defect 

Factor 

Pink rot................................ 

10 

Pytliiuni rot.......................... 

10 

Soft rot................................ 

10 

Spindle tuber....................... 

10 

Black lea............................. 

Fusariiun............................. 

Phytophtora......................... 

Other diy rots....................... 

Root knot nematodes........... 

Altemaria............................ 

Black heart.......................... 

Black scurf.......................... 

Sunscald.............................. 

Tuber moth.......................... 

Cut worms........................... 

0.50 

Other insect damages................................... 

0.50 

Heel end necrosis......................................... 

0.50 

Internal heat necrosis................................... 

0.50 

Mechanical damages.................................... 

0.50 

Powdery scab............................................... 

0.50 

Sprains......................................................... 

0.50 

Common scab............................................... 

0.25 

Cracks.......................................................... 

0.25 

Severely mis-shapen tubers.......................... 

0.25 

Tubers of deviating size............................... 

0.25

12.   For the purposes of an examination the following shall be ignored:

      (i)   attacks by Black scurf, Common scab and Powdery scab if the area covered is less than 10 per cent of the total tuber area;

      (ii)   mechanical damages, cut worms damages, other insect damages and cracks if the area covered is less than 10 per cent of the total tuber area or if the penetrating depth is less than 10 per cent of the tuber length;

      (iii)   internal heat necrosis and spraing covering less than 10 per cent of the cut surface;

      (iv)   diffuse brown spotting; and

      (v)   size deviation of less than 5 per cent of the total tubers examined.

13.   If in the case of defects with a factor of 10 or 3, the product of the percentage of defective tubers and the appropriate factor exceeds 5, the seed lot shall be rejected.

Control growing

14.   (i)   From every certified potato seed lot of the classes S1 to E2 a sample of at least 500 tubers shall be drawn for the purposes of control growing.

      (ii)   The potato plants in the control plots shall be inspected frequently during their growing period and cultivar contaminations, diseases and other defects shall be recorded as percentages by number. The percentages found shall be multiplied by the various factors set out in Note 5 to obtain the defect index for a control growing.

General

1.   For Wart Disease (Synchytrium endobioticum); Bacterial Wilt; Brown Rot; Ring Rot (Pseudomonas solacearum and Corynebacterium sepedonicum) and Potato Cyst Nematode (Globodera sp.) the tolerance is nil at field inspection, tuber control and control growing for all classes.

2.   If a potato seed lot does not reach the standards for the class it has been grown; it may be approved in a lower class, or rejected for certification if found to be of a lower standard than that prescribed for Certified Seed 4th generation.

THIRD SCHEDULE

[Regulations 5, 7, 8, 10 and 11]

PRESCRIBED FORMS

FORM 1

(To be completed in duplicate)

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA

MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY (SEEDS) ACT, CAP. 236

PLANT VARIETY (POTATO SEED) REGULATIONS

APPLICATION FOR REGISTRATION AS SEED GROWER TO PRODUCE POTATO SEED

To: Controller of Seeds,

P.O. Private Bag 7,

Chilanga.

Name of applicant ..............................................................................................................................

Name and address of farm ................................................................................................................

Cultivar to be grown ...........................................................................................................................

Parent seed: Class ........................... Certification No ......................................................................

Quantity.................................kg. Proposed date of planting...............................................................

Previous crops grown in this field for the last three years:

Year: 19................................ 19................................. 19.....................................

Crop:Year:.................................... ..................................... .............................................

Comments ......................................................................................................................

Date.......................................................... Signature ......................................................

(A map giving instructions on how to reach the farm must be drawn overleaf)

For Official Use only

Cultivar approved........................................... .Hectarage approved

Conditions imposed

Date................................................................

........................

Controller of Seeds

FORM 2

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA

MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY PLANT VARIETY AND SEEDS ACT, CAP. 236

PLANT VARIETY (POTATO SEED) REGULATIONS

FIELD INSPECTION REPORT

Registration No: ..................................... Cultivar

Grower

Farm:

Hectares..................... Isolation: ............................ Metres: ........................................

DEFECTS:

Kind Number of Percentage Index

................................. .............................. .............................. ....................................

................................. .............................. .............................. ....................................

................................. .............................. .............................. ....................................

................................. .............................. .............................. ....................................

................................. .............................. .............................. ....................................

................................. .............................. .............................. ....................................

................................. .............................. .............................. ....................................

................................. .............................. .............................. ....................................

Remarks

Date:................................ Signature of Grower:

Inspector

FORM 3

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA

MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY PLANT VARIETY AND SEEDS ACT, CAP. 236

PLANT VARIETY (POTATO SEED) REGULATIONS

VIRUS POST CONTROL REPORT

Registration No: .......................................... Cultivar:

Grower

Farm:

Number of tubers tested:

VIRUS:

Kind 

Percentage by Number 

............................................. 

................................................ 

............................................. 

................................................ 

............................................. 

................................................ 

............................................. 

................................................ 

............................................. 

................................................ 

............................................. 

................................................ 

............................................. 

................................................ 

Date:.............................................. 

 

Controller of Seeds.

FORM 4

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA

MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY PLANT VARIETY AND SEEDS ACT,

PLANT VARIETY (POTATO SEED) REGULATIONS

TUBER CONTROL REPORT

Registration No: ........................................... Cultivar

Seed Lot No:

Grower:

Farm:

Number of tuber tested:

DEFECTS:

Kind 

Percentage 

Index 

................................. 

.................................... 

................................. 

................................. 

.................................... 

................................. 

................................. 

.................................... 

................................. 

................................. 

.................................... 

................................. 

................................. 

.................................... 

................................. 

................................. 

.................................... 

................................. 

Date 

 

 

..................................................................

Signature of Grower Inspector

FORM 5

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA

MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND WATER DEVELOPMENT PLANT VARIETY AND SEEDS ACT, CAP. 236

PLANT VARIETY (POTATO SEED) REGULATIONS, 1984

CONTROL GROWING REPORT

Cultivar: ......................................... Certification No:

Seed lot No:

DEFECTS:

Kind 

Index 

.................................... 

.................................... 

.................................... 

.................................... 

.................................... 

.................................... 

.................................... 

.................................... 

.................................... 

.................................... 

.................................... 

....................................

Remarks

Date:.....................................................................

Controller of Seeds

FOURTH SCHEDULE

[Regulation 15]

PRESCRIBED FEES

 

Fee units 

Registration fees*................................ 

225 per hectare 

Virus post control fees ........................ 

2 per tuber 

Tuber control fees ............................... 

1 per tuber 

Sealing fees** ..................................... 

2 per bag (container) NOTES:

* Includes prescribed field inspections and control growing.

** Irrespective of size of bag or container.

[Am by Act 13 of 1994.]

SPECIFIED VARIETIES OF SEED NOTICE

[Section 49]

Arrangement of Paragarphs

   Paragraph

   1.   Title

   2.   Specified varieties of seed

      SCHEDULE

SI 155 of 1987.

[Notice by the Minister]

 

1.   Title

This Notice may be cited as the Specified Varieties of seed Notice.

 

2.   Specified varieties of seed

The varieties of seed set out in the Schedule hereto are specified seed for certification.

SCHEDULE

[Paragraph 2]

SPECIFIED VARIETIES (CULTIVARS) FOR CERTIFICATION

Species of Seed 

Varities 

1. Cereals 

MM501 

1:1 Maize 

MM502 

(Zea mays L.) 

MM504 

 

MM601 

 

MM603 

 

MM604 

 

MM606 

 

MM752 

 

SR52 

 

ZH1 

 

MMV400 

 

MMV600 

I:2 Rice 

Angola Crystal 

(Oryza sativa L.) 

Burma 

 

Kalembwe 

 

Malawi Faya 

 

Sindano 

 

Var. 1329 

 

Var.1345 

 

Var1632 

 

Var7601 

I:3 Sorghum 

Framida 

(Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) 

ZS/1 

I:4 Triticale 

Unza-T-1 

(X Triticosecale Wittm.) 

 

I:5 Wheat 

Canary 

(Triticum spp.) 

Emy 

 

Hornbill 

 

Loerie 

 

Whydah 

2. Pulses 

 

II:1 Beans 

BAT331 

(Phaseolus vulgaris L.) 

Caricca 

 

Contender 

 

Misamfu Speckled Sugar 

 

Misamfu Stringless 

 

NEP2 

 

Top Crop 

2:2 Cowpea 

Muliana 

Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) 

Shipepo 

2:3 Soyabean 

Hernon 147 

(Glycine max (L.) Merr.) 

Jupiter 

 

Kaleya 

 

Magoye 

 

Santa Rosa 

 

Tunia 

2:4 Velvet Bean 

Apard 

(Mucuana deeringiana (Bort) Meer) 

Somerset 

3. Oil Crops 

 

3:1 Ground nut 

Chalimbana 

(Arachis hypogaea L.) 

Comet 

 

Makulu Pink 

 

Makulu Red 

 

Natal Common 

3:2 Sunflower 

CCA-75 

(Helianthus annuus L.) 

CCA-81 

 

CCB-73 

 

CH232 

 

CH241 

 

CH258 

 

CH261 

 

CH278 

4. Fiber Crops 

 

4:1 Cotton 

Chilala 

(Gossypium spp.) 

Chirundu 

 

Chuzera 

4:2 Kenaf 

Ken Bha 

(Hibiscus cannabinus L.) 

Kenirs 

 

Ken Kab 

5. Herbage Grasses 

 

5:1 Buffel grass 

Bayndah 

(Cenchrus ciliaris L.) 

Biolela 

 

Tarewinnbar 

5:2 Guinea Grass 

Green Panic 

(Panicum maxicum Jacp.) 

Hamil 

 

Makueni 

 

Sabi 

 

Semper Verde 

5:3 Rhodes Grass 

Giant Rhodes 

(Chloris gayana Kunth.) 

Katombora 

5:4 Setaria Grass 

Kazungula 

(Setaria sphacelata (Schum.) 

Nandi 

Stapf et C.E. Hubb) 

 

6. Herbae Leyumes 

 

6:1 Glycine 

Clarence 

(Glycine javanica L.) 

Cooper 

 

Tinaroo 

6:2 Leucaena 

Cunningham 

(Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit) 

Hawaiian Giant 

 

Peru 

6.3 Lucerne 

Hairy Peruvian 

Medicago sativa L. 

Hunter River 

 

Sira Peruvian 

6:4 Stylo 

Cook 

(Stylosanthes guianensis (Aubl.) Sw.) 

Endeavour 

 

Oxley 

 

Schofield 

7. Vegetables 

 

7:1 Beet Broad 

Leaved 

(Beta vulgaris L.) 

Crosby Egyptian 

 

Detroit Dark Red 

 

Early Flat Egyptian 

 

Ford Hook Giant 

 

Grimson Globe 

 

Lucullus 

7:2 Cabbage 

 

(Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata L.) 

Drummhead Late 

 

Golden Acre 

 

Gloria 

 

Glory of Enkhusien 

 

Riana 

 

Rotan 

7:2 Carrot 

Amsterdam Forcing 

(Daucus carota L.) 

Chantenay Red Cored 

 

Nantes 

7:4 Cauliflower 

Early Snowball 

(Brassica oleracea L. Convar botrytis (L.) Alef. var. botrytis) 

 

7:5 Kale 

Chroumoullier 

(Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala DC) 

 

7:6 Leek 

Italian Giant 

(Allium porrum L.) 

 

7:7 Lettuce 

All the Year Round 

(Lactuca cativa L.) 

Great Lakes 

 

New York 

7:8 Onion 

Early Lockyer Brown 

(Allium cepa L.) 

Henry-s Special 

 

R2374 

 

Texas Early Grano 

 

TropIcal Ace 

 

Yellow Dessex 

 

Yellow Granox 

7:9 Pea 

Dark Skin Perfection 

(Pisum sativum L. Sensu late) 

Green Feast 

 

Onward 

7:10 Pepper 

California Wonder 

(Papsicum spp.) 

College 642 

 

Local Long 

 

Long thin Cyanne 

 

Yolo Wonder 

7:11 Pumpkin 

Big Max 

(Cucurbita pepo L.) 

Green Boer 

 

Queensland Blue 

7:12 Rape 

Giant Essex 

(Brassica napus L.) 

NIRS 1 

 

Prior 

7:13 Tomato 

Herald 

(Lycopersicon esculentum P. Mill.) 

Indian River 

 

Margloba 

 

Marmande 

 

Moneymaker 

 

Monprecos 

 

Red Kaki 

 

Roforto VFN 

 

Roma VF 

7:14 Water melon 

Charleston Grey 

(Citrullus lanatus (Thumb.) Matsun et Nahai) 

Chilean Black 

 

Congo 

 

Crimson Sweet 

 

Sugar Baby 

8. Stimulany Crops 

 

8:1 Tobacco 

Banket A-1 

(Nicotiana tabacum L.) 

Burley 21 

 

Harwin 

 

Hicks 

 

Kutsaga E1 

 

Kutsaga E2 

 

Kutsaga 51 

 

Kutsage 51E 

 

North Carolina 

 

SCR 

 

Speight G41 

 

White Gold 

 

Zambia Mammoth 

9. Tuber Crops 

 

9:1 Potatoes 

Pentland Dell 

(Solanum tuberosum L.) 

Pimpernell 

 

Up to Date 

 

Van der Plank

PLANT VARIETY AND SEEDS REGULATIONS

[Sections 35 and 84]

Arrangement of Regulations

   Regulation

   1.   Title

   2.   Interpretation

   3.   Prescribed seeds

   4.   The Seed Control and Certification Institute of Zambia

   5.   Sale of seed

   6.   Certification of seed

   7.   Declaration of seed quality

   8.   Registration as seed grower

   9.   Field inspection

   10.   Licence for seed processing

   11.   Seed seller’s licence

   12.   Sampling of seed

   13.   Testing of seed

   14.   Control growing

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