Arrangement of Sections


   1.   Short title

   2.   Interpretation

   3.   Convention to have the force of law

   4.   Initial medical examination

   5.   Periodical medical examination

   6.   Inspection

   7.   Registers

   8.   Penalties

   9.   Regulations



to provide for the implementation in Zambia of the International Labour Organisation's Convention Number 124 concerning medical examination of young persons for fitness for employment underground in mines; and to provide for matters ancillary to or connected with the foregoing.

[23rd March, 1973]

Act 20 of 1973,

Act 13 of 1994.


1.   Short title

This Act may be cited as the Medical Examination of Young Persons (Underground Work) Act.


2.   Interpretation

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—

“approved physician” means any physician approved for the purposes of this Act by the Director of the Bureau or by the Deputy Director or any other member of the Bureau authorised by the Director in writing in that behalf;

“Bureau” means the Pneumoconiosis Medical and Research Bureau established under section 20 of the Pneumoconiosis Act;

“Convention” means the International Labour Organisation Convention Number 124 concerning medical examination of young persons for fitness for employment underground in mines, reproduced in the Schedule to this Act;

“employee” means an employee within the meaning of section 3 of the Employment Act who is less than twenty-one years of age;

“employer” means the owner of a mine or any person who, under any agreement whatever, works a mine and includes the manager, secretary, agent or other person authorised by the owner or by the person who, under any agreement, works the mine to engage workers;

“mine” has the meaning assigned to it under Article 1 of the Convention;

“thorough medical examination” includes clinical and radiological examinations.


3.   Convention to have the force of law

Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Convention shall have the force of law in the Republic.


4.   Initial medical examination

   (1) No employer shall employ or require to work underground in a mine any person under the age of twenty-one years unless, after a thorough medical examination carried out by or under the supervision of an approved physician, such person is certified by the physician to be in every way physically fit for such employment or work.

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